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Page 4: Toll Issues of Triborough Bridge & Tunnel Authority
copyright © 2020 ~ Philip M. Goldstein ~ www.nyctollscrip.info

Toll Scrip, Tokens and Ephemera of the States of New York and New Jersey


by Philip M. Goldstein

Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 You are on Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7
Introduction &
Conclusion

Page Index
Private and
Early City of New York
Toll Bridges, Plank Roads
& Turnpikes
Pre-TBTA Agencies Port of New York Authority

Port Authority of New York
and New Jersey
State of New York State of New Jersey
updated 10/28/2020


Triborough Bridge & Tunnel Authority / MTA Bridges & Tunnels

HistoryScrip & Tokens - Overview
First Issue
Second Issue
Third Issue
Fourth Issue
Fifth Issue
Sixth Issue
Tabulation of Known Types of Scrip
Tokens
Index of Rolls w/ Tabulation
Token Types
The Wheel
The Big M
The List
The Residents

End of the LineReceipts Internal Documents w/ PDF'sHistorical & Current Fares






the Seal of the Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority


History
   
   The Triborough Bridge Authority, upon absorbing the New York City Tunnel Authority / Queens Midtown Tunnel in 1946; was now renamed the Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority (colloquially called "the TBTA") and remained so until 1994.

   Under the auspices of the TBTA, we would see the openings of the Brooklyn Battery Tunnel (long planned as a bridge since the 1930's), the Throgs Neck Bridge in 1961 and the Verrazano Narrows Bridge in 1961.

   With these final three crossings, the TBTA would now have a total of nice bridges and tunnels (actually ten if you consider the Manhattan span of the Triborough Bridge a separate crossing), to administer to, and all of them borough to borough crossings; that is any bridge or tunnel crossing within the city and state of New York. These crossings include those between:



Bronx and Manhattan:
original name "memorial" name date opened
Henry Hudson Parkway BridgeDecember 12, 1936
(administered by TBA  beginning 1941)
Triborough BridgeRobert F. Kennedy BridgeJuly 11, 1936
Queens and the Bronx:
Triborough BridgeRobert F. Kennedy BridgeJuly 11, 1936
Bronx-Whitestone Bridge April 29, 1939
Throgs Neck BridgeJanuary 11, 1961
Queens and Manhattan:
Triborough BridgeRobert F. Kennedy BridgeJuly 11, 1936
Queens Midtown TunnelNovember 15, 1940
Brooklyn and Manhattan:
Brooklyn Battery TunnelHugh L. Carey TunnelMay 25, 1950



Brooklyn and Staten Island:
Verrazano* Narrows Bridgeupper deck: November 21, 1964
lower deck: June 28, 1969

Brooklyn and Queens:
Marine Parkway BridgeGil Hodges BridgeJuly 3, 1937
Cross Bay BridgeVeterans Memorial BridgeJune 3, 1939
rebuilt: May 28, 1970
* Before progressing any further, it should be noted that this website will be using the classic (yet incorrect) spelling of Verrazano, because that is the spelling so used on scrip and token issues.
The correct spelling is with two z's: Verrazzano.



   Also, while not within the scope of this website; the TBTA also administered to and operated several other non-parkway / bridge properties, those being the: Jacob Riis Park Parking Field, Brooklyn Battery Garage, East Side Airline Terminal and the New York Coliseum.

   The TBTA name remains in use and still exists; however, in 1994 it became part of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) Bridges and Tunnels. While it still exists, it conducts business as ("d/b/a") MTA Bridges & Tunnels in keeping with the unified Metropolitan Transportation Authority theme, i.e.: MTA Transit (NYC Subways), MTA LIRR (Long Island Rail Road), MTA MNCR (MetroNorth Commuter Railroad), etc.
 
   


Scrip & Tokens - a quick overview

   At the time of first publishing this website in October 2019; the only paper issues that I had encountered for the Triborough Bridge & Tunnel Authority, were IBM style punch card tickets from the 1963 and an empty booklet cover from about the mid-1980's.

   With the assistance of Ms. Hankins, I can now compile the following list of scrip and token issues and usage dates over the decades.

   Also, it should be noted; the naming of the scrip issues (First, Second, Third, et al) are not official TBTA terminology; but names I have associated with the various designs to more easily identify and categorize the various issues.

   "First" and "Second" Issues all appear to be printed by the Elliott Ticket Company of New York. The "Third" Issue or "Univac" Series, were printed by either Univac, IBM, Osceola Graphics and a possible fourth yet unknown printer. Examples of the "Fourth" Issue (large barcode) are known to have circulated but printer(s) are unknown. The "Fifth" and "Sixth" Issues, while known are printed by a currently unknown printer.

   As for Token Issues, some issues are known to have been struck by Roger Williams Mint.



BACK TO TOP OF PAGE / INDEX



Index of Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority Scrip & Token Issues: 1946 - 2012

Please remember, and I cannot stress this strongly enough;
Tickets from earlier issues were redeemable even after a new design issue was released

(a new design issue did not render the previous issue void).
Therefore various issues were used concurrently.

"First" Series Scrip
(denomination bottom right corner)
1946 to ca. 1950
"Second" Series Scrip
(denomination bottom center)
ca. 1950 to ca. 1963
"Third" Series Scrip
(Univac, Univac / IBM and IBM punch cards)
1963 to ca. 1976
Tokens
(four issues)
June 1976 to 1998
"Fourth" Series Scrip
(large size barcode tickets) 
1976? to June 19, 1986 .

unknown at this time

.
"Fifth" Series Scrip
(small size barcode tickets)
June 19, 1986 to 1994?
"Sixth" Series Scrip (final issue barcode tickets) 1994? to 2012  





Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority Scrip & Token Issues: 1946 - 2012


"First" Series - 1946 to ca. 1950
.
Garage & Servicing Ticket for Park Department Vehicles
collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
.

.
Class 3 - 35 cent ticket for Motor Truck, 2 axles, 2-5 tons for Triborough Bridge & Bronx Whitestone Bridge - pre-1946
Queens Midtown Tunnel not listed.
JOHN F. TROMMER, INC. overstamp
Elliott Ticket Company
John F. Trommer was a brewery in Orange, NJ and only operated under that name from 1946 through 1950.
Prior to that it was known as Orange Brewing, and John F. Trommer of New Jersey.
Following 1950, it was purchased by Leibmann Breweries and eventually became part of Rheingold Breweries.

collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
..

.
   
Class 1 - 25 cent ticket (Queens Midtown Tunnel added) - 1/11/1952
Department of Sanitation overstamp
Elliott Ticket Company
collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
.

.
Class 3 - 40 cent ticket for Motor Truck, 2 axles, 2-5 tons for Triborough Bridge & Bronx Whitestone Bridge
Queens Midtown Tunnel added - post-1946
Elliott Ticket Company
collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives


BACK TO TOP OF PAGE / INDEX





"Second" Series - ca. 1950's - 1960's
10 cent ticket - 1/17/1952
Elliott Ticket Company
collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
.

.
25 cent ticket - 8/8/1962
Elliott Ticket Company
collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
.

.
   
35 cent ticket - 1/30/1952 Elliott Ticket Company
collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
.

.
40 cent ticket Elliott Ticket Company
"Eat Well Meats"
collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
.

.
60 cent ticket - 8/8/1962 Elliott Ticket Company
collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
.

.

..
75 cent ticket - stamped 6/30/1962
general issue and with FOR USE BY GEROSA VEHICLES ONLY overstamp
Elliott Ticket Company
Gerosa was founded 1917, with its origins in the Bronx with trucking and hauling.
It remains a rigging & hoisting firm in New Jersey. note the backstamp bleed through on left edge above the 'G' in Gerosa - it appears to be the date of 1961
collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
.

.
$1.25 - 8/10/1962 perforated: "U S " (presumably government issue) Elliott Ticket Company
collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
.

.

.
Special Ticket - 1/18/1962 Elliott Ticket Company
collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
.

.
   
Special Ticket for Henry Hudson Bridge - 1952 Elliott Ticket Company
collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
.

.
Special Ticket for Triborough Bridge - Randall's Island Only - 8/2/1962 Elliott Ticket Company
collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
.

.
Booklet cover for 20 tickets - $2.00 (.10 cents each) for Minor Crossings - 3/6/1962
Passenger Automobiles at: Henry Hudson, Marine Parkway or Cross Bay Bridges
or
Motor Truck (2 axle) less than 2 tons at: Marine Parkway or Cross Bay Bridges

Elliott Ticket Company
collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
.

.
Booklet cover for 20 tickets - $20.00 ($1.00 each) for Major Crossings - no date
3 axle Truck, Tractor, Franchise Bus or Passenger Automobile with semi-trailer at Brooklyn Battery Tunnel
or
4 axle Truck, Tractor, Non-Franchise Bus or Passenger Automobile with trailer at: Triborough, Bronx-Whitestone or Throngs Neck Bridges
or Queens Midtown Tunnel


(presumed to be ca. 1952 - 1963 when the Brooklyn Battery Tunnel toll was higher than other crossings upon opening,
and before issue of the Univac style tickets and before the opening of the Verrazano Narrows Bridge.)

Elliott Ticket Company
collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives


BACK TO TOP OF PAGE / INDEX





"Third" Series - The Univac & IBM Issues - 1963 to ca. 1976

   In 1963, a new style of toll scrip was introduced and circulated: the punch cards.

   Some dedicated searching of the world wide web revealed some information on the the toll ticket machines used by the TBTA; from the "VIP Club", a club of retirees from IBM, Remington Rand, Sperry, Univac, Unisys, and other assorted information technology development firms.

   On page 158 of "UNIVAC PRODUCTS - ST. PAUL A Handbook of Major Products Designed, Developed, and Manufactured a ST. PAUL 16, MINNESOTA; 1947 to 1959" the following is found:



TOLL TICKET READER AND RECORDER

DESCRIPTION

The Univac Toll Ticket Reader and Recorder provides a detailed record on punched tape of cash and toll ticket transactions at a toll gate.

The Ticket Reader equipment comprises the following units: Classified Push Button Panel, Key Identifier Unit, Ticket Reader Assembly.

The Classification Push Button Panel has keys numbered one through nine for designating classes, with a tenth key for special classifications. This keyboard creates the classification entry into the recorder.

The Ticket Reader Assembly senses information from small punched toll tickets, and transmits this information to the recorder.

The Key Identifier Unit provides means for unlocking the equipment to render it operable, simultaneously entering into it the identifying number of the key used, and retaining the key until the equipment is turned off.

The Toll Punching Recorder was developed initially for use by the Triborough Bridge Authority in New York.
It operates in conjunction with the Classification Push Button Panel and Key Identifier Unit. One Recorder issued for each pair of vehicle lanes.

Portions of the Toll Ticket Reader and Recorder are manufactured by Electronic Signal Co. under license to Remington Rand Univac.

PURPOSE

The equipment was designed primarily as part of a Toll Accounting system and can be used to record classification data on a maximum of 10 different classes of vehicles, and data from toll tickets received in lieu of cash.

In five-hole punched paper tape, the equipment records data from the Ticket Reader Unit and axle counts from a treadle in the roadway. It also records the identification number of the lane and of the collector whose key is inserted in the Identifier Unit. A classification is punched for each vehicle transaction, with an initial record punched when the collector turns the equipment on and a terminal record when he turns it off. These initial and terminal transactions cause a record of the time and the number of axles in each direction as then recorded on the axle counters to be punched in the tape, along with the lane and collector numbers. They also reset the counters. A display of the recorded information on light banks is provided for maintenance purposes.

The Recorder accumulates and displays on electromechanical counters the number of vehicles in each of 10 classes and the number of treadle actuations in each direction. It also displays treadle actuations in each direction which occur when the lane is closed. A printed paper tape record of the information is produced by the equipment, and a punched tape record is made from the counters whenever a lane is closed.
. .
   The .75 and $1.00 denomination tickets; do not reflect a printer, but have Univac and IBM style holes. They carry a serial number prefix of UD, and both carry a printing code of P25191R: the 75 cent is P25191R.14 and the dollar is P25191R.16. about 8 months later, I then acquired two books, of .10 cent tickets in a $2.00 book and .50 cent tickets in a $10.00 book. Both of these are Univac (round) punchhole only. The 10 cent is P25191R.2 and the .50 cent is P251R.10    

The .75 and $1.00 denomination tickets; do not reflect a printer, but have Univac and IBM style holes. They carry a serial number prefix of UD, and both carry a printing code of P25191R: the .75 cent is P25191R.14 and the dollar is P25191R.16. about 8 months later, I then acquired two books, of .10 cent tickets in a $2.00 book and .50 cent tickets in a $10.00 book. Both of these are Univac (round) punchhole only. The .10 cent is P25191R.2 and the .50 cent is P251R.10    

   Shortly following the internet publication of this website (like, within hours), George S. Cuhaj submitted two examples of tickets from his collection for inclusion. His two tickets are marked for Univac 25191R.2 (.10 cent) and IBM Z38345

   Noting the two different style of punchholes, the Univac style has round punchouts (also known as Hollerith style, after the inventor of punch cards, Herman Hollerith), while the IBM style has rectangular punchouts. These punch cards allowed automatic tabulation and accounting upon issue and upon redemption. There are also tickets using both types of punchholes, so we now know of three distinct types of punch cards known for the Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority:
(Cross Bay Bridge). So we are now able to conclude the type of machines used for toll collection.
  • all Univac  (all round holes),
  • dual Univac / IBM  (combination of round holes on bottom and rectangular holes towards top), and:
  • all IBM  (all rectangular holes)  

  And while punch cards are commonly thought of as mid-Twentieth Century technology, use of punched cards for tabulation dates back as far as 1896.

  Even I have to admit, I originally thought that the TBTA punch cards may be a circa 1950's issue. However, this was an incorrect presumption on my part. If the information received from Ms. Hankins of the TBTA archives is correct (and we have no reason to suspect it otherwise), the all Univac are the first issued punch cards, first issued in 1963; and the Univac / IBM are from circa 1970. She did not specify when the all IBM card were issued; but we can presume with IBM's acquisition of it competitors and its growing monopoly in the office machine / accounting world, the IBM style tickets appeared last, 1973.

    Tabulating the known printing codes reveals the following:


Printing Codes
denominationUnivac TicketsUnivac coversIBM TicketsIBM covers
.10P-25191 R.2P-25191 R.1
.25P-25191 R.4
.35P-25191 R.6
.40P-25191 R.8
.50P-25191 R.10 P-25191 R 9RW51660
.60P-25191 R.12
.75P-25191 R.14W51670Z39391
$1.00P-25191 R.16W51672
$1.25P-25191 R.18
$1.50P-25191 R.34
Cross Bay Bridge (Rockaway Residents)Z38345Z38346
Special - all crossingsP-25191 R.24E72426 & W51676
Special - Queens Midtown TunnelP-25191 R.28
Special - Triborough BridgeP-25191 R.30
Special - Triborough Bridge - Randall's Island onlyP-25191 R.31W51678Z39393
Identification Sales Slip
(Serial #, License #, Officer & Date inside front cover of some books)
P-25191 R.32


   Also, as more booklet covers begin to be seen, we can observe the complex assignment of values to various classes of vehicles at differing locations. Generally speaking, tolls at tunnels cost more than bridges, and the Verrazano being the newest crossing, was priced higher than other crossings. It made for a very confusing system and as you can see, the list of applicable locations on the .50 cent booklet cover takes up the entire cover.


   All punch cards are single sided with a beveled bottom right corner and all appear to be uniform in size and thickness: 3 3/8" (width) - 2 13/16" (height) - 0.0075" (thickness).
.

book of 20 .10 cent tickets - 1963
Univac style

collection of Philip M. Goldstein
card style:
printer:
colors:
serial number:
notes:

printing code:
Univac only
Univac
goldenrod card stock, black ink
prefix: UA, UC; black sans-serif
UA 661161-80 (61, 62 missing)
round punchholes cover
binding: lime green
has P-25191.32 sales slip inside front cover
P-25191R.2 / P25191R.1
.

.

25 cent ticket - ca. 1970
dual Univac / IBM style
collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
card style:
printer:
colors:
serial number:
notes:

printing code:
Univac & IBM
unknown
blue card stock, black ink
prefix: UK; black sans-serif
round punchholes
Good For Passage of Motor Vehicle

P-R25191R.4
.

.

35 cent ticket - ca. 1970
dual Univac / IBM style
collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
card style:
printer:
colors:
serial number:
notes:


printing code:
Univac & IBM
unknown
buff card stock, black & orange ink
prefix: UD; black sans-serif
round & rectangular punchholes
Good For Passage of Motor Vehicle,
orange diagonal stripe

P-R25191R.6
.

.

40 cent ticket - ca. 1970
dual Univac / IBM style
 
collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
card style:
printer:
colors:
serial number:
notes:
printing code:
Univac & IBM
unknown
salmon card stock, black ink
prefix: UF; black sans-serif
round & rectangular punchholes
Good For Passage of Motor Vehicle
P-R25191R.8
.

.

50 cent ticket - ca. 1979
IBM style

collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
card style:
printer:
colors:
serial number:
notes:



printing code:
IBM only
IBM
beige card stock, light green dyed edges; black ink
prefix: UV; black sans-serif
rectangular punchholes
Good For Passage of Motor Vehicle
fuchsia overtype: OFFICIAL BUSINESS -
CITY OF NEW YORK

IBM W51660?
.

.

book of 20 .50 cent tickets - $10.00 - ca. 1963
Univac style

collection of Philip M. Goldstein
card style:
printer:
colors:
serial number:
notes:
printing code:
Univac only
Univac?
beige card stock; black & green ink
prefix: MA; black sans-serif
UB 352221-40

round punchholes green vertical stripe on right edge; booklet binding: lime green
P-R25191R.10 /  P25191R.9-R
.

.

50 cent ticket - Manhattan State Hospital? - ca. 1979
IBM style

collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
card style:
printer:
colors:
serial number:
notes:

printing code:
IBM
Osceola Graphics, Inc
beige card stock; black & green ink
prefix: MA; black sans-serif
round punchholes
Good For Passage of Motor Vehicle
green overprint: RANDALL'S ISLAND ONLY, NO RECEIPT
green vertical stripe on right edge
P-R25191R.10
.

.

60 cent ticket - 1963
Univac style

collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
card style:
printer:
colors:
serial number:
notes:
printing code:
Univac only
Univac
peach card stock, black ink
prefix: UB; black sans-serif
Good For Passage of Motor Vehicle

P25191R.12
.

.

75 cent ticket - ca. 1970
dual Univac / IBM style
 
collection of Philip M. Goldstein
card style:
printer:
colors:
serial number:
notes:

printing code:
Univac & IBM
unknown
light green card stock, black ink
prefix: UD; black sans-serif
round punchholes; note the offset ink transfer on the back.
Good For Passage of Motor Vehicle
P-25191R.14
.

.

75 cent ticket - ca. 1970
dual Univac / IBM style 
FOR USE ON UNITED PARCEL VEHICLES ONLY MASPETH overstamp

collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
card style:
printer:
colors:
serial number:
notes:
printing code
Univac & IBM
unknown
light green cardstock, black ink
prefix: UF; black sans-serif round & rectangular punchholes
Good For Passage of Motor Vehicle
FOR USE ON UNITED PARCEL VEHICLES ONLY MASPETH overstamp
P-25191R.14
.

.
book of 20 75 cent tickets - $15.00  - ca. 1979
IBM style 
collection of Philip M. Goldstein
card style:
printer:
colors:
serial number:
notes:
printing code
IBM
unknown (IBM?)
light green cardstock, black ink
prefix: UV; black sans-serif rectangular punchholes
UV 963561-80
Good For Passage of Motor Vehicle
IBM W51670
.

.


$1.00 ticket - ca. 1970
dual Univac / IBM style

collection of Philip M. Goldstein
card style
printer:
colors:
serial number:
notes:

printing code:
Univac & IBM (round & rectangular punchholes)
unknown
beige cardstock, black ink
prefix: UD; black sans-serif
Good For Passage of Motor Vehicle


P-25191R.16
.

.

$1.00 ticket - ca. 1979
IBM style

collection of Philip M. Goldstein
card style
printer:
colors:
serial number:
notes:
printing code:
IBM (rectangular punchholes)
IBM
beige cardstock, black ink
prefix: UR, US; black sans-serif
Good For Passage of Motor Vehicle
W51672
.

.

$1.00 ticket - ca. 1970
dual Univac / IBM style

FOR USE ON UNITED PARCEL VEHICLES ONLY MASPETH overstamp
collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
card style
printer:
colors:
serial number:
notes:
printing code:
Univac & IBM (round & rectangular punchholes)
unknown
beige card stock, black & orange ink
prefix:
UB; black sans-serif

Good For Passage of Motor Vehicle, diagonal orange stripe
FOR USE ON UNITED PARCEL VEHICLES ONLY MASPETH overstamp
P-25191R.18
.

.

$1.50 ticket - ca. 1970
dual Univac / IBM style

FOR USE BY JOSEPH CORY DELIVERY SERVICE ONLY overstamp
Joseph Cory was a "last mile" delivery service specializing in furniture & appliances. After an item was hauled interstate from one terminal to another terminal, Joseph Cory Delivery would deliver it the "last mile" from that terminal to the customer. Their terminal in the New York City area was originally in Manhattan, then they relocated to Secaucus, NJ.
Cory Co. existed until 2019 at which time it was acquired by J. B. Hunt; interstate trucking.

collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
card style:
printer:
colors:
serial number:
notes:
printing code:
Univac & IBM (round & rectangular punchholes)
unknown
beige card stock, black & red ink
prefix: UB; black sans-serif
Good For Passage of Motor Vehicle, vertical red stripe on right side, overstamp for Joseph Cory Delivery Service
P-25191R.34
.

.

........
 
Passenger Car or Motorcycle ticket Good for Cross Bay "Veterans Memorial" Bridge - ca. 1970 & 3/28/1979
IBM style
(top) collection of George S. Cuhaj
(bottom) collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
card style:
printer:
colors:
serial number:
notes:
printing code
IBM only (rectangular punchholes)
IBM
peach card stock with dyed ends;
black ink
prefix: AA, AB: black sans-serif
large outline "C" on face; FOR PASSENGER CAR OR MOTORCYCLE; GOOD ONLY AT CROSS BAY VETERANS MEMORIAL BRIDGE
IBM Z38345
.

.

Special Ticket - 4/27/1967
Univac style

collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
card style:
printer:
colors:
serial number:
notes:
printing code:
Univac only (round punchholes)
Univac
light gray card stock; black ink

prefix: UA; black sans-serif

SPECIAL TICKET VALID ON ALL FACILITIES
P-25191R.24
.

.

Special Ticket Valid on All Facilities - ca. 1973
IBM style

collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
card style:
printer:
colors:
serial number:
notes:
security underprinting:

printing code:
IBM only (rectangular punchholes)
IBM
white card stock; black & gold ink

prefix: U I; small red serif

SPECIAL TICKET VALID ON ALL FACILITIES
gold ink, progressively larger concentric diamonds
IBM E72426
.

.

Special Ticket Valid on All Facilities, Type 2 - 8/7/1979
IBM style

collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
card style:
printer:
colors:
serial number:
notes:
security underprinting:

printing code:
IBM only (rectangular punchholes)
IBM
light gray card stock; black ink
prefix: UE; black sans-serif
SPECIAL TICKET VALID ON ALL FACILITIES
none

IBM W51676
.

.

Special Ticket for Queens Midtown Tunnel - 11/16/1967
Univac style

collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
card style:
printer:
colors:
serial number:
notes:
printing code:
Univac only (round punchholes)
Univac
light gray card stock; black ink
prefix: UA; black sans-serif
SPECIAL TICKET FOR ____________

P-25191R.28
.

.

Special Ticket for Triborough Bridge - Manhattan State Hospital Issue? - 1963
Univac style

collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
card style:
printer:
colors:
serial number:
notes:
printing code:
Univac only (round punchholes)
unknown
light gray card stock; black ink
prefix:
UA; black sans-serif

SPECIAL TICKET FOR TRIBOROUGH BRIDGE (outlined T); FOR RANDALL'S ISLAND ONLY overprint
P-25191R.28
.

.

Special Ticket for Triborough Bridge - Manhattan State Hospital Issue? - ca. 1973
IBM style

collection of Philip M. Goldstein
card style:
printer:
colors:
serial number:
notes:


printing codes:
IBM only (rectangular punchholes)
IBM?
buff card stock; black ink
prefix:
UD; black sans-serif

SPECIAL TICKET FOR TRIBOROUGH BRIDGE (outlined T); FOR RANDALL'S ISLAND ONLY overprint
book of 50 tickets Interestingly, I have acquired two partial books from two different sources, yet bearing same license plate number). Note the front cover with handwritten "dium" presumably for Downing Stadium.
IBM W51678 (tickets) / IBM Z39393 (cover)
.

.

Garage and Servicing Ticket
For Park Department Vehicles -
111/14/1967
Univac style

collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
card style:
printer:
colors:
serial number:
notes:

printing code:
Univac only (round punchholes)
Univac
light gray card stock; black & blue ink

prefix UA; black sans-serif
;
GARAGE AND SERVICING TICKET OR PARK DEPARTMENT VEHICLES FOR RANDALL'S ISLAND ONLY overprint
blue horizontal stripe
P-25191R.31
.

.

Garage and Servicing Ticket
For Park Department Vehicles - 10/15/1981
-
IBM style
T. Vinetti park supervisor overstamp
collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
card style:
printer:
colors:
serial number:
notes:

printing code:
IBM only (rectangular punchholes)
IBM
light gray card stock; blue side edges;
black ink
prefix: UA; black sans-serif;
GARAGE AND SERVICING TICKET OR PARK DEPARTMENT VEHICLES FOR RANDALL'S ISLAND ONLY overprint
blue horizontal stripes on left & right edges
IBM W51679



   In regards to the following cover for the Cross Bay Bridge / Veterans Memorial Bridge (which is for the ticket above); my internet research has not revealed what year "Veterans Memorial" was added to the name. Knowing this, would definitely give a fair approximation of the issue date. Since the Marine Parkway Bridge is overstamped on the booklet cover, can we conclude this booklet was issued soon after 1937 when the Marine Parkway Bridge was built, until new tickets including the bridge could be printed?

   But, I also took note that this issue has 5 digit zip codes listed for neighborhoods in Rockaway:


11691 - Bayswater      11692 - Arverne      11693 - Rockaway Beach      11694 - Rockaway Park      11695 - Far Rockaway     11697 - Roxbury


   As the US Post Office Department did not institute the 5 digit zip code until July 1, 1963; I think we may have a better approximation of the issue date of these tickets. I also note that they are called "postal zones" and not zip codes. "Postal zone" was the old nomenclature prior to the 5 digit zip code, so by the combination of the old name and the new 5 digit zip code, I would say these were issued very shortly after July 1963. Confirming this issue date is Ms. Hankins' reply to my inquiry.. 


Book Cover for Passenger Car or Motorcycle ticket
Good for Cross Bay "Veterans Memorial" Bridge
with "ALSO FOR USE AT MARINE PARKWAY BRIDGE" overprint
40 tickets, $10 - Rockaway Resident
(front cover for ticket which may be seen above)
issued between January and October 1979?

collection of George S. Cuhaj
card style:
printer:
colors:
serial number:
notes:




printing code:
IBM
IBM
peach, black ink - back: none
not on cover

FOR USE AT CROSS BAY VETERANS MEMORIAL BRIDGE ONLY FOR PASSENGER CARS AND MOTORCYCLES OWNED BY PERSONS RESIDING WITHIN POSTAL ZONES #11691
 #11692  #11693  #11694  #11695 and #11697
with added stamp: ALSO FOR USE AT MARINE PARKWAY BRIDGE
IBM Z38346

Please note:
The next chronological issue of toll payment to be released following the Univac punch cards is technically the token issues; which entered circulation in 1976.
These tokens are covered in a separate chapter on this website a little further on and following the scrip, and as I wanted to keep all the paper scrip issues together.

 
   One of the internal documents that was included in Ms. Hankins' email caught me off guard.

   According to the intra-governmental order dated December 8, 1986 seen at right, you will take note that tokens AND tickets are available at the same time.

   I (erroneously) was under the conclusion the tokens replaced the older Univac scrip, and then the bar code scrip replaced the tokens as the toll tariffs exceeded the highest value token of $1.00, or at least a combination of tokens, i.e.: a 50 cent and $1.00 for a combined value of $1.50.

   But this turns out not to be the case, as this order form clearly lists token and ticket issues available for purchase concurrently.

   This document also conveniently reflects the denominations of scrip tickets available at the end of 1986, as well informs us as to the discount of 10% off the full toll fare, when purchasing books of 20 tickets.

   Another interesting fact in regards to this document; is that while rolls of tokens are not listed on the public order forms as seen in the Internal Documents & Reference Materials chapter further on in this website, they are listed on the inter-governmental order as seen to the right.
   Tokens were apparently available by special arrangement, in particular for ordering by the government. Note next to Order Number: "Intra Governmental".

   Presumably, either special postal arrangements were made, a courier was used or in dealing with a large quantity of tokens, an armored truck or carrier.

   A quick web search of the address listed for the "U.S. Property & Fiscal Officer, NJ" reveals this address is still valid, and is home to the State of New Jersey Department of Military and Veterans Affairs, including Army and Air National Guards.
 


BACK TO TOP OF PAGE / INDEX




"Fourth" Series Large Barcode Issues (unseen) - ca. 1976 to June 19, 1986


   According to internal documents of the TBTA (as seen to right) dated 1986, there was a large size (size not noted) barcode issue, that was replaced with a small size barcode issue of 3 3/4" x 2 1/8".

   At this time, no known images exist of this "large barcode" script issue.  

   However, the subsequent issue (which numerically would be the "Fifth" Series) is described and photostatic copies are included in the memo at right..

   Note the design: a double-ended arrow, with the barcode to right comprising the shaft of the arrow.

   Unfortunately, color scans of these issues were not in the MTA Archives, but the colors of each denomination are at least specified in the memo.
   Remember: these are the "Fourth Series" /  smaller size barcode scrip that replaced the large barcode scrip (which again, are unfortunately not even illustrated).

   This memo also mentions the IBM punch card tickets, so we can surmise the following order of issuance (usage overlaps) for TBTA Scrip & Tokens:



  • Univac / IBM punch cards  (third series):  1963 - 1970
  • tokens:  1976 - 1998
  • large size barcode tickets  (fourth series) (none shown)  1976? to June 19, 1986
  • small size barcode tickets  (fifth series) (b&w copies on bottom of memo to right,
       hypothetical color tickets next paragraph below): 
    June 19, 1986 to ca. 1994
  • final issue barcode tickets  (sixth series) (next chapter):  1994 to 2012.



BACK TO TOP OF PAGE / INDEX




"Fifth" Series Small Barcode Issues - June 19, 1986 to ca. 1994


  After reading the above memo outlining the new small barcode issue of scrip; and only having a black & white copy, I was feeling like something was missing. I also was feeling a little creative, so with a little work with Picasa image editor and MS Paint, I have come up with an approximation of what the "Fifth series" small barcode tickets should appear like, based on the colors listed in the above memo.

   When referencing the March 1989 ticket book order form, there is a row to order $2.50 denomination tickets. It is believed a $2.50 ticket as well as a $6.50 denomination was issued in 1989 (and after the above memorandum was issued); with the $2.50 replacing the $2.00 denomination (Class 1 Major Crossings), while the $6.50 was issued for Class 8 Minor Crossings. However this is not confirmed at this time.




   According to a study performed by the firm URS for the TBTA: "HISTORY AND PROJECTION OF TRAFFIC, TOLL REVENUES AND EXPENSES and REVIEW OF PHYSICAL CONDITIONS Of the Facilities of TRIBOROUGH BRIDGE AND TUNNEL AUTHORITY - April 29, 2005"; it states on page 14:

"Over the years, various discount programs have been introduced. In March 1987, the Staten Island Carpool Program was initiated. Staten Island residents were offered 30-round trip coupons for vehicles with three or more occupants at a discounted price of $30.00. This program was revised to 24 coupons for $30.00 in July 1989, to 24 coupons for $42.00 in May 2003, and to 24 coupons for $54.00 in March 2005."    

   With this information, the first two dates (March 1987 and July 1989) fall into the usage era of the Fifth Series. While the VNB Carpool tickets mentioned for this issue has not yet been seen, it can be presumed to be similar to the approximate design:



BACK TO TOP OF PAGE / INDEX




"Sixth" Series (and final?) Issues - ca. 1994 to 9/30/2017
   
   I had been hoping that at some point, an issue of TBTA scrip would appear that would correspond to the empty booklet cover I have in my collection. The ticket stubs in my booklet have backs of light green security printing consisting of a repeating TBTA seal. Under the glued black binding of front and rear covers, is 06-2109B-560 (A), and on the front of each of the 24 remaining stubs is 06-1X09-B570 and VN-CAR.

   I had therefore concluded this was a commutation booklet for passenger cars for Verrazano Narrows Bridge. But what did the tickets look like???

   As I processed the images contained within the emails from Ms. Hankins to use here, and as I saw this issue was orange color for most of the scrip, I was growing worried I may never find the answer to my quest. That was until I saw the V. N. Carpool ticket. Green! So, I can now confirm visually that tickets went into my booklet: VN-CAR = VN Carpool. And it is refreshing to know I was correct - for once!

   Visual examination of the tickets in this series, reflect all denominational issues are orange, with the TBTA seal security underprint. In the center of each note, is an unprinted white rectangle which contains the serial number in barcode format. It is presumed the barcode is UV reflective, but this is not confirmed. I also noticed, that the denomination of each note is now carried in two locations on the face: on the bottom approximately left of center, and on the right edge of the note oriented vertically.

   As previously stated, the Verrazano Narrows Carpool ticket is green, the Special ticket is slate gray and the Garage & Servicing Randall's Island ticket is lilac / lavender. But the interesting issue for this series is undoubtedly the New York Militia ticket. It is printed in a desert camouflage style and without the repeating TBTA seal. In research for this website, I located an image of half of a ticket that appeared on the cover of a New York Naval Militia newsletter. I made a request to the New York Naval Militia for a scan of the whole ticket was denied (despite their being no longer in use or valid for redemption). So again, with a little time and effort in MS Paint, I recreated a close approximation of its appearance.



$3.50
collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
.

.
$7.00
punch canceled VOID
collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
.

.
$7.00 - face & back scrip with stub, front and back of booklet covers
collection of Philip M. Goldstein
with great thanks to Jason Howell for the partial & complete books for my collection!
.

.
$10.00
collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
.

.
$11.00
collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
.

.
$13.00
collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
.

.
$19.00 w/ booklet cover
collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
.

.
$26.00 w/ booklet cover
collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
.

.
$33.00
collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
.

.
Verrazano Narrows Bridge Carpool Ticket - 2/19/2004?
collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
.

.
Verrazano Narrows Bridge Carpool Ticket Book Cover
collection of Philip M. Goldstein







"Over the years, various discount programs have been introduced. In March 1987, the Staten Island Carpool Program was initiated. Staten Island residents were offered 30-round trip coupons for vehicles with three or more occupants at a discounted price of $30.00. This program was revised to 24 coupons for $30.00 in July 1989, to 24 coupons for $42.00 in May 2003, and to 24 coupons for $54.00 in March 2005."

   With this information, the first two (March 1987 and July 1989) VNB carpool tickets mentioned for this issue has not yet been seen but presumed to be similar to the Fifth Series design in the preceding chapter. The second two tickets for May 2003 and March 2005; are represented by the Sixth Series issue immediately above.

Special Ticket - 11/26/2003?
collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives
.

.

New York State Militia Special Ticket
authors rendering from a partial ticket seen in a NY Naval Militia newsletter
.

.
Garage and Servicing Ticket for Park Department Vehicles for Randall's Island Only - 6/26/2009
collection of MTA Bridges & Tunnel Archives


   As far as it is known, this was the last series of scrip tickets to be printed and issued by the Triborough Bridge & Tunnel Authority; presumably as a result of the expanding success of E-ZPass RFID units.

   Beginning on November 20, 2016; "Cashless Tolling" also known as "Tolls By Mail" would be phased in, in increments:


Henry Hudson Bridge November 20, 2016
Brooklyn Battery / Hugh L. Carey Tunnel January 4, 2017
Queens Midtown Tunnel January 10, 2017
Marine Parkway-Gil Hodges Memorial Bridge April 30, 2017
Cross Bay Veterans Bridges April 30, 2017
Verrazano-Narrows Bridge July 8, 2017
Triborough / Robert F. Kennedy Bridge June 15, 2017
Throgs Neck Bridge September 30, 2017
Bronx-Whitestone Bridge September 30, 2017


   With the final crossing being converted September 30, 2017, there are no more toll collectors to issue change or take scrip; and TBTA / MTA Bridges & Tunnels are now strictly an electronic tolling and billing system.

BACK TO TOP OF PAGE / INDEX


Toll Scrip Tabulation

   The following is a tabulation of scrip tickets known to be issued by the Triborough Bridge & Tunnel Authority after its formation in 1946. Please be aware there may be unaccounted for issues and the compilation may not be complete.    

   This table was compiled using both visually confirmed tickets, as well as those listed on order forms. Issue dates are not known for certain and some questions remain as to the yet unseen Fourth Series:

   It is unknown if the Intra-Governmental Order used Fourth Series scrip, Fifth Series scrip or a special scrip. It is assumed they were comprised of Fourth Series as several issues were denominated in fractions of a dollar, that match denominations of the Fourth Series, (albeit with additional denominations of $6.00 and $9.00 and the omission of others); and while the Fifth Series consisted of almost all whole dollar amounts.


First
(denomination right)
Second
(denomination center)
Third *
(Univac / IBM)

Fourth
(large barcode)
(unseen)
Inter Governmental

Fifth
(small barcode)

Sixth
(double denomination)
1946-1950's 1950's-1963 1963
April 19, 1982? April 20, 1983 October 1986
June 1986
1994
no discount - scrip book sales strictly for convenience
10% discount from full toll

20% discount from full toll
book quantities of 20 unless otherwise stated
book quantity of 20 book quantities 16 & 18
all books quantity of 20





.10 .10 .10

1.80 1.80
2.00

.25 .25 .25
2.50 2.50

3.00

.35 .35 .35

2.70 2.70


3.50
.40 .40 .40


3.00  (book of 16)
4.00


.50 .50


3.00  (book of 18)
5.00


.60 .60

3.60 3.60
6.00


.75 .75
3.75




7.00

1.00 1.00
4.00


8.00


1.25 1.25

4.50 4.50
10.00
10.00


1.50
5.00 5.00



11.00





5.40 5.40
12.00







6.00


13.00




6.25 6.25



19.00




7.50 7.50 7.50


26.00


Passenger Automobile
Cross Bay Bridge / Rockaway Residents (40)
.



9.00


33.00

Special
All Facilities
.
Special
All Facilities
.







Special

Special
Henry Hudson
.
Special
__(blank)__
.



Verrazano Narrows Carpool


Verrazano Narrows Carpool

Special
Triborough Bridge
Special
Triborough Bridge Randall's Island Only
.







Randall's Island
Garage & Servicing
Parks Department


Garage & Servicing
Parks Department







New York Militia


   In regards to the third issue, there are three types of tickets: Univac, Univac / IBM and IBM.

   According to the 1984 Tariff Bulletin, tickets in lieu of token were issued for Rockaway Residents: Between January and October 1979; Rockaway Peninsula residents were able to purchase 40-ticket books for $10.00 for use of the Cross Bay Bridge.

   It also states beginning in 1980, reduced rate auto tolls ($20.00, 40 tickets, .50 cent per trip) for residents of the Rockaway Peninsula were implemented on June 16, 1980 along with the 75 cent cash tolls on the Cross Bay and Marine Parkway Bridges.

   Also of particular note is an experiment from June 1981 through April 18, 1982, where tolls on the Cross Bay and Marine Parkway Bridges were collected at double the one-way rate in the southbound direction only


BACK TO TOP OF PAGE / INDEX




Tokens:
  • Tokens first issued June 29, 1976 
  • General token roll sales ended February 3, 1998 for Major & Minor Crossings
  • Rockaway and Staten Island Resident Tokens remained for sale only to the respective residents until 2015. 
  • Redemption of tokens ended April 30, 2017 for Rockaway Residents (Cross Bay & Marine Parkway Bridges), and 
  • September 30, 2017 for the Staten Island Residents (Verrazano Narrows Bridge).


   Loose TBTA Tokens are the most common issues out of all of the toll memorabilia. At any given time, you can find several, if not dozens; of individual examples for sale on eBay. Later intact rolls (1987 and newer appear infrequently. Early intact rolls or wrappers are another matter.

   As the tolls increased from the point where a single dime or quarter would cover the toll, increasing amounts of individual coins were needed to pay the collector (two quarters, two quarters and a dime, three quarters, etc. or the time it required to make change from currency. These transactions took longer and traffic built up at the tolls. By having tokens denominated in the basic fares for the Triborough Crossings was expected to alleviate this lag time at the toll booths.

   As it is stated in the Hearings before the Subcommittee on Surface Transportation of the Committee on Public Works and Transportation; House of Representatives - Ninety-Fifth Congress; (September - October 1977)

"In June, 1976, TBTA introduced exact-toll tokens in an effort to reduce congestion at its seven bridges and tunnels within New York City.
Less than one year later, the TBTA had collected its ten millionth exact-toll token.
.


   So, with that little blurb; we now know when the "Wheel" tokens first entered service and circulation. But the planning for the use of the tokens actually goes back as far as at a board meeting taking place in May, 1973. Samples of tokens were handed out at a subsequent board meeting in January, 1976, when they (the board) approved the original commutation rate, which was just free passage with the purchase of 20 tokens. 

   With a little more digging; I happened across this rather lengthy article in the New York Times; which contains quite a bit of information regarding the earliest of token issues: the 50, 75 and 100 and the Toll Collectors strike that occurred shortly after their release:



   Takeaways from this article reveal the following:

  • "The tokens being sold in bulk, in plastic bags for $20 each, ..."
This helps solve an ambiguity later in token history regarding reference to packaging of tokens.

   It is assumed the reporter is referring to the $1.00 tokens (twenty x $1.00 = $20.00). There would be no advantage for the motorist in paying more than face value for twenty 75 cent (worth $15.00) and twenty 50 cent tokens (worth $10.00).

   The only discount per se, for purchasing the 20 packs of tokens was a free token at the time of purchase of the pack of the 20 of either of the denominations
.

.
  • "... the authority had 500,000 tokens, minted six months ago by a New England Company."

   Six months ago from June 1976 would be December 1975. This would correspond with the 1975 date in the Atwood Coffee catalog for these tokens, which in actuality is now understood as an order date, not an issue date.

   It now remains to be learned whether it was 500,000 for all three varieties (166,666 each denomination) or 500,000 of each denomination. Somehow, 166,666 tokens does not seem like to be enough to cover all the crossings in New York City at once. 166,666 tokens = 8,333 packs of 20 token plus loose?
But, as Ms. Hankins points out: "the market share initially was very low, because keep in mind that cash and tickets were still being accepted. By July, 1977 token use was only at 8%."


.
  • "The new tokens, in different demonstrations [sic] for different facilities, ..."

1.00 (white metal) Verrazano Narrows Bridge
.75 (copper) Triborough, Bronx Whitestone and Throgs Neck Bridges and the
Brooklyn Battery and Queens Midtown Tunnels
.50 (brass) Cross Bay, Marine Parkway & Henry Hudson Bridges
 

.
  • "... minted six months ago by a New England Company." 
   
 
 While it remains unknown for certain, Roger Williams Mint was located in Massachusetts and Rhode Island; and Scovill Manufacturing was in Waterbury, Connecticut. Both of these were located in New England, along with other manufacturers. Hopefully in the near future we will be able to determine exactly which manufacturer produced these issues..

   As more documents are furnished to me by Ms. Hankins (the TBTA archivist), several interesting facts come to light:

   As stated in the 1982 and 1984 Tariff Sheets accompanying bond structuring, it is learned that after the initial release of the .50, .75, and $1.00 "Wheel" tokens in 1976, sales of these tokens was discontinued May 19, 1980 at the Henry Hudson, Cross Bay and Marine Parkway Bridges.

   It is also learned from these documents that $10.00 booklets of 40 tickets (25 cents per trip) was used for the Rockaway Residents between in January and October 1979; followed by the $20 booklets of 40 tickets (50 cents per trip) was used for Rockaway Residents from June 16, 1980. These tickets were used in conjunction with the tokens which were apparently used for non-residents.

   Furthermore, from June 1981 through April 18, 1982; tolls at the Cross Bay and Marine Parkway Bridges were doubled in the southbound (to Rockaway) direction only on an experiment basis.





Rolls and Packs:

   It has to be kept in mind, that the intent of the tokens were not to permit or control admittance to the bridges or tunnels, as the subway tokens were used to gain admittance to the subway. The TBTA tokens were used to encourage prepayment and speed in paying the toll for regular commuters and toll users by using the exact change lanes, and thereby reducing congestion and dwell time at the manned toll booths.

   To further encourage the use of the tokens (and in allowing the agency to hold your money in advance); token rolls (as well as books of scrip) were offered at a discount, to include the toll payment due at that moment of passage. In other words, if your rolled up to the toll booth in your car and the cash toll was 50 cents; you could hand the toll clerk a $10 bill, and say "a roll". You would get in return: a roll of 20 tokens, a dollar bill for change, maybe a smile and away you drove.

   And so, in consideration of purchasing that roll of tokens in advance, your toll fare was discounted 10% to 45 cents. And that passage at the moment of purchase would be discounted as well.

   It should be known that the discounted price of token rolls varied over time and was not set to one fixed amount due to several factors, whereas the scrip was fixed to a 20% discount. The factors determining the token discount were:

  • the full passenger automobile price of the toll at that time,
  • the agreed upon rate of discount as set forth by the administration tariff sheet.
  • the quantity of tokens in the roll, 
  • the "freebie" (a free token or that trip included) and,
  • whether resident status accorded you an additional discount (Rockaway or Staten Island Residents).
 
   
As a result of these variables, my calculations reflect that over the years the discount varied between 5% up to 44% for the Resident issues. The following table is a comparison of cash (full fare) tolls, regular discount token amounts, the discount offered.



Major Crossings ... Minor Crossings
date
cash (full toll fare)
(Major / VNB)
token roll amount
& = and this trip
i = includes this trip
L = loose

discount %
token for
Staten Island
resident
roll amount
& = and this trip
i = includes this trip
L = loose
S I Resident
discount %

cash (full toll fare)
token roll amount
& = and this trip
i = includes this trip
L = loose
discount %
token
Rockaway Resident
Rockaway
Resident discount
%
June 29, 1976 1 .75 .71
5.33 % n/a
n/a
.50 .42
16.00 % n/a n/a
March 1, 1976 (VN)
June 29, 1976
1.00 .95
5.00 % n/a
n/a
n/a n/a
n/a n/a n/a
May 19, 1980 1.00 ? 20 $20.00 ? n/a
n/a
June 2, 1980
 June 16, 1980
.60 (HH)
.75 (CB & MP)




6, 7,
 8
n/a
April 19, 1982
1.25 1.10 20 $22.00 12.00 % n/a
n/a
.90 .60 19& $12.00 33.33 % n/a n/a
June 23, 1983 2 1.25   ~ same as above   ~ 1.00 20 $20.00 20.00 %
.90 .60 19& $12.00 33.33 % n/a n/a
January 3, 1984 1.50 1.30 20 $26.00 13.33 % 1.20 
20.00 %
.90 .60 19& $12.00 33.33 % n/a n/a
January 1, 1986 1.75 1.50
14.28 % 1.40
20.00 %
1.00 .666 20i $14.00 33.40 % n/a n/a
February 7, 1987 2.00 1.70 19i $32.00 15.00 % 1.60
20.00 % 
1.00 .666 20i $14.00 33.40 % n/a n/a
March 15, 1987 3 2.00  /  4.00  1.70 19i $34.00 15.00 % 1.25
37.50 %
n/c n/c 20i $14.00 n/c n/a n/a
July 16, 1989 4 2.50  /  5.00 2.10 9& $21.00
20 $34.00?
8& 8& 1L 42.00
16.00 % 4.20
16.00 %
1.25 .833 11& $10.00 33.36 % n/a n/a
January 31, 1993 4 3.00  /  6.00 2.50 9& 25.00
8& 8& 1L $50.00
16.66 % 4.00
33.33 % Cross Bay & Marine Parkway Bridges 1.50 .833 11& $10.00 44.46 % n/a n/a








Henry Hudson Bridge ONLY 1.50 1.00 9& $10.00 33.36 % n/a n/a
March 24, 1996 5 3.50  /  7.00 3.00  9& $30.00 14.28 % 6.00
14.28 %
1.75 1.25 11& $15.00 28.57 % 1.00 9 42.85 %
May 18, 2003 4.00  /  8.00 n/a
n/a 5.60 
30.00 %
2.00 1.33
33.50 % 1.16 42.00 %
March 15, 2005 4.50  /  9.00 n/a
n/a 6.40
28.88 %
2.25 1.33
40.88 % 1.33 40.88 %
March 16, 2008 5.00  /  10.00 n/a
n/a 6.70
33.00 %
2.50 1.67
33.20 % 1.40 44.00%
=  Regular discount token sales began June 29, 1976.
=  Staten Island Resident Discount effective on or shortly after this date.
3  =  tolls doubled at Verrazano Narrows Bridge and collected westbound only on and after this date.
4 =  sales of two rolls of 8 tokens, 1 loose token and this trip known for this time span
5 =  Regular discount token sales ended February 3, 1998. However, token sales for Staten Island & Rockaway Resident appear to have continued until 2015.
      Token redemption ended April 30, 2017 Rockaway Residents (Cross Bay & Marine Parkway Bridges) and for Staten Island Residents on September 30, 2017 (Verrazano Narrows Bridge).
6 =  between January and October 1979, Rockaway Residents were able to purchase 40 ticket books for $10.00 for use on the Cross Bay Bridge.
7 =  between June 16, 1980 and April 18, 1982; Rockaway Residents were able to purchase 40 ticket books for $20.00 for use on Cross Bay and Marine Parkway Bridges
8 =  between June 1981 and April 18, 1982 tolls on the Cross Bay and Marine Parkway Bridges was doubled and collected only in the southbound direction as an experiment.
=  brass Rockaway Resident tokens issued in 1994
      n/a = not applicable,
      n/c = no change

     Also, it should be noted that the tokens were only available to Class 1 vehicles (2 axle passenger automobiles with no trailers). All other vehicle classes regularly transiting through the tolls were encouraged to use the scrip.


   While the individual tokens are nice to collect and display so as to admire the design, it is the roll and / or wrapper that is the essence of history. While individual tokens are seen plentifully for sale, intact rolls are another matter.

    Since the same token may have been used for different values over it history, it is pertinent to the serious collector to know which values, and rightly associated with that, the dates of usage.

   Only patience (which I suffer from a deficiency of) is needed to fill in the gaps of which rolls were used when. As research into this subject continues, more and more roll and pack quantities come to light. To date, we are now aware of rolls of 8, 9, 10, 11, 19 and 20 and packs of 5, 10 and 20; but keep in mind, not all rolls or packs existed at the same time. But it is only until the roll or wrapper appears, that we can we actually visualize which was used where, and when.

   When token packaging first began in June 1976; the .50, .75 and 1.00 "Wheel" tokens were packaged in plastic bags containing 20 tokens. The only "discount" was a free token given with each package. As a result, the discount was minimal: around 5%.

   Unfortunately, I have not found any images of intact rolls or packs of the "Wheel" style tokens as yet. But I now own wrappers for those rolls thanks to George Cuhaj. The following two wrappers where for the "Wheel" style tokens release in June 1976. Unfortunately, the .75 cent wrapper in missing but appeared almost the same, but in orange ink and marked for .75 cents.


.50 cent - NY630AU 1.00 cent - NY630AW
collection of Philip M. Goldstein



   Following those wrappers above, came the next issue, the revised .75 cent token (NY630AZ) larger and thicker than the first.) Note how the diagonal stripes have been replaced with an elongated and alternating isosceles triangle. This token was issued in 1979, therefore the roll / wrapper is assumed to have been issued at the same time as well.

.75 - NY630AZ
collection of Philip M. Goldstein


   The earliest intact rolls I now have in my collection, are the brass "Big M" NY630BA M 100 tokens. I was fortunate enough to acquire two different rolls at the same time, each unique on their own. One is red printing and has images of the tokens adorning the wrapper. The other, containing the same tokens, is printed in blue and without the token images.

   At this time, I am unsure of which wrapper was issued first or at the same time. I would surmise that the more ornate red wrapper was issued first; then simplified. As the NY630BA tokens were issued August 23, 1980; we at least know the earliest date these rolls would have been issued. The question remains, does the blue wrapper denote a change in value and was issued when the cost of the tokens as raised to $1.25? In any case, it is currently thought (by me) the latest these rolls would have been issued is presumably 4/18/1982 when the NY630BD copper plated "List" tokens were released.



.....
NY630BA (roll) - "TBTA 20 TOKENS"
Issued August 23, 1980 through April 18, 1982?
(Red wrapper with token images)
Images are approximately actual size.
collection of Philip M. Goldstein

NY630BA (roll) - "TBTA 20 TOKENS"
Issued August 23, 1980? through April 18, 1982?
(Blue wrapper without token images)
Images are approximately actual size.
collection of Philip M. Goldstein


   Commencing with the next issue of token, the NY630BD copper plated "List"; we now see roll quantities of 9 and 19.

   The roll of 9 or 19 may seem like an odd quantity to roll coinage or tokens. Well, there was a reason for this: most daily commuters bought a roll of tokens on payday or on the first day of a work week, and most of those drivers made two one-way trips per day: one to work, another to come home; for the five business days per work week. That equals 10 trips through the toll booth per week or 20 trips per two week period. But, you also had to charge for the trip through the toll booth you were on at that moment to buy those tokens. If the rolls were 10 and 20, that would equals 11 or 21 tokens, and that would mean coinage into the mix.

   So the rolls of 9 and 19 "and this trip" made things nice and simple for the commuter.



NY630BD (roll) - Major Crossings, "ROLL OF 19 TOKENS $34.00 INCLUDES THIS TRIP"
Issued commensurate with February 7, 1987 toll schedule until July 16, 1989.
Images are approximately actual size.
collection of Philip M. Goldstein


   The next Major Crossings roll issued chronologically is this example. Again, NY630BD remains the issued token. The wrapper is unbleached kraft paper with light blue ink. Notably, the numeral 9 is underlined (to differentiate it from an upside down 6):  9 TOKENS AND THIS TRIP    $21.00





v
NY630BD (roll) - Major Crossings, "ROLL OF 9 TOKENS AND THIS TRIP" $21.00
Issued commensurate with January 1, 1993 toll schedule until March 23, 1996.
Images are approximately actual size.
collection of Philip M. Goldstein

  As I stated previously, I had known of the existence of the roll of "9 tokens and this trip", but did not have one in my collection. This roll below needed a home too; so I purchased it as well. If my calculations are correct, this $30.00 roll is dated from the institution of March 24, 1996 toll schedule; whereas full toll rate was $3.50; and the discount token (with purchase of a roll) was $3.00: $30.00 ÷ 10 = $3.00 x 10% discount = $2.70. That would mean actual purchase price of the roll would be $27.00: 10 x $2.70 = $27.00.

   Wait. $2.70 per token??? That does not make sense as tokens were not discounted to $2.70. They were either discounted to $2.50 (from the $3.00 full rate in 1993 to 1996) or $3.00 (from the $3.50 full rate in 1996 to 1998). And it definitely would not be from full fare $3.50 to discounted $2.50, as that would entail a 28.57% discount, substantially more than the prepaid books of 20% discounted toll scrip!

   So, it led me to start recalculating. Why the difference in discount amount? It is known that the discount for ticket books increased from 10% to 20% circa 1985. While unconfirmed, it stands to reason the discount for a token roll purchase increased as well.

   And, we also know the price of the discount for a token roll varied depending on whether a regular token, a Staten Island resident or a Rockaway resident. So it is therefore concluded at this time the discounts for rolls varied (including fractions of a percent) depending on time frame and use.

   As I computed I noticed the discount varies based on the prices. If a straight 10% discount existed throughout all toll rates over history would require loose change. While $1.00 discounted 10% = 90 cents, a roll of 10 therefore would cost $9.00. Easy enough, a dollar change for a $10 dollar bill. But remember! There were 50 cent tokens, 75 cent tokens as well as $1.00 tokens.

   And as the tolls went up, to $1.25, then $1.50, and so on, the rate of discount was adjusted to keep the token value close enough to the nearest quarter, i.e.: $3.50 cash toll discounted 10% = $3.15. 3.15 x 10 = $31.50. Change would at least have to include two quarters and three one dollar bills, and possibly a five dollar bill if a motorist was handing over two twenties.

   So, there was need for the discount percentage to be adjusted, otherwise multiple coinage and bill denominations would come into play in both paying and handling change, and thereby slowing down the transaction at the booth.


 
 My calculations reflect that for this roll (9 TOKENS AND THIS TRIP) and amount ($30), the corresponding discount would either be 16.67% to reduce the amount from full fare $3.00 per trip to the discounted $2.50 (1993 to 1996); or 14.29% to get it from full fare $3.50 per trip to discounted $3.00 (1996 to 1998). So at a 14.29% discount, the roll of tokens cost an even $30.00.

   Therefore, I believe this roll / wrapper / value combination to be the last roll style issued for sale and should have seen use until February 3, 1998; when token sales for the Major Crossings were officially discontinued. (Resident tokens remained for sale.)

   The tokens themselves would remain redeemable until September 30, 2017.


NY630BD (roll) - Major Crossings, "ROLL OF 9 TOKENS AND THIS TRIP" $30.00 (shown approximately actual size)
Issued commensurate with March 24, 1996 toll schedule through May 18, 1998 (when token sales ceased)
Images are approximately actual size.
collection of Philip M. Goldstein




Oh, those Rolls of 8!

   In an article from the New York Times, dated July 16, 1989; it mentions

"Some delays were reported yesterday at the Queens-Midtown Tunnel when more eastbound motorists than usual lined up to buy a roll of nine tokens for $17. The price of a roll rose to $21 today. Drivers were permitted to buy only one roll of tokens. They are good on the three major bridges and two tunnels, where the toll is now $2.50."

   However, the discovery of the roll of "8 TOKENS AND THIS TRIP" leaves us really stymied. To what purpose would 8 serve? One per day, an extra plus "and this trip"? Was it to keep the purchase price of the roll to the nearest nickel or dime? I just don't know at this time and neither does Ms. Hankins.

   Until finding that roll of 8; I had personally only encountered rolls of "9 TOKENS AND THIS TRIP". I would learn; by reviewing one of the order forms of the TBTA for December 1986, it is reflected that one could order rolls of 60 cent tokens for $11.40, and 1.30 tokens for $24.70 each. This equates to rolls of 19 tokens per roll, but this is an inter-governmental order and I didn't think much more about it.

   The packs of of 5 and 10 make sense for the Verrazano Narrows Bridge / Staten Island Resident. Tolls are only collected one way: westbound from Brooklyn. So they would only require 5 tokens per work week or 10 tokens for every two work weeks.

   Ms. Hankins, the TBTA archivist; has not located any rolls or wrappers saved for posterity in their archives as yet, nor did she have knowledge other than the rolls of 19 (to which I immediately knew was not complete accounting). With my procurement of this roll of "8 TOKENS AND THIS TRIP", she is now adding this data to the archives to reflect its existence and research is ongoing. The packs of 20 are mentioned in a New York Times article.

   Another purchasing variable concerning token sales that has come to light, is in the way of an letter dated January 13, 1992 from Michael C. Ascher; President of the Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority in reply to a letter to the editor, published December 20, 1991 in the New York Times:


"To the Editor:
Customers at New York City's Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority facilities are not limited to purchasing a single roll of nine discounted tokens as Josh Stern writes (letter, Dec. 20).
At any of our facilities, you may buy for $42 two nine-pack rolls of tokens, one loose token and the toll passage you are making.
We began selling tokens in smaller rolls when a survey showed more customers would use them."
   So while I knew of the rolls of "9 TOKEN AND THIS TRIP" were prolific; when this roll of "8 TOKENS AND THIS TRIP" appeared on eBay, I knew I had to bring it home.

NY630BD (roll) - Major Crossings, "ROLL OF 8 TOKENS AND THIS TRIP" $21.00
Sold in groups of two with one loose token for $42.00
Issued commensurate with July 16, 1989 toll schedule until January 31, 1993.
Images are approximately actual size.
collection of Philip M. Goldstein



   I have since added another roll of "8 TOKENS AND THIS TRIP" to the collection, this one marked for $25.00 (seen below). But I still had not been able to figure out what the rolls of "8 TOKENS AND THIS TRIP" were for. My math shows $21.00 ÷ 9 = $2.33 and $25.00 ÷ 9 = $2.77. Neither of those amounts are listed in the schedules, but the Class 2 tolls (for private auto with single axle trailer, three axle motorhome and three axles franchise bus) are close: $2.25 (1987) and $2.75 (1989) respectively. Close, but no cigar...

    However, adding an additional 10% discount to the amounts, will bring us to within a few hundredths of a cent to $2.10 and $2.50 respectively; which were the discounted token amounts with purchase of the rolls. But this is essentially a doubled discount. What class of vehicle or user would be entitled to a doubled discount? None according to the tariffs, and discount tokens were not offered to the Class 2 vehicles.

   Even as something as simple as that letter to the editor above and its reply raised questions: the letter to the editor was written in December 1991 and the reply January 1992. It mentions "nine-pack rolls of tokens". So where does the roll of "8 TOKENS AND THIS TRIP" factor in, as it too was issued during this time period: 1989-1993?

NY630BD (roll) - Major Crossings, "8 TOKENS AND THIS TRIP" $25.00
Sold in groups of two with a loose token for $50.00
Issued commensurate from January 31, 1993 through March 24, 1996
Images are approximately actual size.
collection of Philip M. Goldstein



   One of my faults, that I freely and openly admit to, is my obsessing over problems. I had to know what these rolls of "8 TOKEN AND THIS TRIP" were used for, and I kept looking on the web. Ironically, President Ascher's letter to the editor of the New York Times, January 30, 1992 kept coming up, so I read it over and over again.

   So reluctantly, I decided to do even more math. (For the record, I hate math. I'm better at science and even better as a historian!) On a whim, I worked out the token value with the sales breakdown above: two rolls of "8 TOKENS AND THIS TRIP" (9 trips total x 2 = 18); plus one loose token and the one trip being taken at the time of purchase: 18 + 1 + 1 = 20 trips for $42.00.

   $42.00 ÷ 20 trips = $2.10. Now there is a number I can live with! The $2.10 token value was precisely commensurate with the $2.50 full cash fare collected July 16, 1989 through January 31, 1993!

   To test this equation, I tried the same math with the $25 roll of "8 TOKENS AND THIS TRIP": $25.00 x 2 = $50.00 ÷ 20 trips = $2.50 per token! Which is of course is exactly the discounted token amount for January 31, 1993 through March 24, 1996.

   Attempting this equation with the rolls of "9 TOKENS AND THIS TRIP" does not work.

   So it my conclusion at this time that while the "8 TOKENS AND THIS TRIP" rolls could be sold singly (for $21.00), their intended purpose was to be sold two at a time with one loose token and the trip at that time for $42.00. Let us hope this can be confirmed by some document in the TBTA archives!

   Another minor observation made from the comparison of the roll of "8 TOKENS AND THIS TRIP" and the roll of "9 TOKENS AND THIS TRIP"; the rolls are of the same length (wrappers are of the same width), but the crimp on one end of "8 TOKENS AND THIS TRIP" is deeper than on the "9 TOKENS AND THIS TRIP"; thereby taking up the space of the ninth token.






Rolls for "Minor Crossings"


   As with the Major Crossings, we know of rolls for the Minor Crossings as well.

   Acquired from George Cuhaj, is a wrapper for 19 Tokens $12.00 INCLUDES THIS TRIP. So, $12.00 ÷ 20 = .60 cents per token.




   We also bear witness to a roll of 20 TOKENS INCLUDES THIS TRIP for $14.00. And, with a little time between purchases (about 2 months) we now know there are currently two distinct varieties of these wrappers known.

   Both are unbleached kraft paper with red ink; however, one roll which (we will call Type 1); has the M logo with splayed legs (which appears visually to be an upside down W).

   The other (which will be referred to here as Type 2) has an simple straight legged M. Also the line spacing between MARINE / HENRY HUDSON / CROSSBAY is wider on the Type 1 than on the Type 2, and the font not as large or bold.

   At this time it is not known which type preceded the other or if it was due to the result of different printing contracts.



Type 1
Type 2
NY630BC (roll - Type 1) - Minor Crossings, "ROLL OF 20 TOKENS INCLUDES THIS TRIP" $14.00
Issued commensurate with February 7, 1987 through July 15, 1989 toll schedule.
Images are approximately actual size.
collection of Philip M. Goldstein
.                        .      
.


splayed leg "M"
or upside down "W"

straight leg "M"
NY630BC (roll - Type 2) - Minor Crossings, "ROLL OF 20 TOKENS INCLUDES THIS TRIP" $14.00
Issued commensurate with February 7, 1987 through July 15, 1989 toll schedule.
Images are approximately actual size.
collection of Philip M. Goldstein







   The "11 TOKENS AND THIS TRIP - $10.00" for the Minor Crossings roll.

   The existence of this next roll is due to images that were located on the web as part of a completed auction value aggregating service from a listing some time ago. I have since acquired a wrapper from George Cuhaj.

   This quantity also does not configure to the 5 and 10 trip per commuter week. And again we find ourselves asking: why?  But, when we do the math, the $10.00 roll amount divided by 12 trips = .833 cents per token. This conforms to the tariffs for minor crossings perfectly for the time range listed in the tariffs.


NY630BC (roll) - Minor Crossings, "ROLL OF 11 TOKENS AND THIS TRIP" $10.00
Issued commensurate with July 16, 1989 toll schedule until January 31, 1993.
Images are approximately actual size.



   In August of 2020; I encountered an eBay auction for a partial roll of Minor Crossing tokens. At first it didn't look like anything special, but then I requested images of the wrapper and the seller responded. Images showed 9 TOKENS AND THIS TRIP - $10.00, which I did not have in my collection. So, I bid on it and won. Upon arrival, I repaired the wrapper as best as I willing to accept.

   At first, I had a little difficulty determining the era of usage. I really need to learn how to take my time, read slower and in more detail. As it would happen, I did not notice the first twenty times I referred to the tables; that the toll discount was different between the Henry Hudson and Cross Bay and Marine Parkway Bridge for the period January 31, 1993 through March 24, 1996:

 
NY630BC (roll) - Minor Crossings, "ROLL OF 9 TOKENS AND THIS TRIP" $10.00
Issued commensurate with January 31, 1993 through March 24, 1996 tariff table and this roll would only be sold at the Henry Hudson Bridge..
Images are approximately actual size.
collection of Philip M. Goldstein


   $10.00 divided by 10 trips = equals an even $1.00 per trip. That is simple enough math. But the fun really began when I went to fit it into my tabulation. When you reference the toll tariff tables, the only period of time that the toll was $1.00 with a token and for a minor crossing is January 31, 1993, where the full fare was $1.50 at the Henry Hudson Bridge. The token fare was .833 at Cross Bay and Marine Parkway Bridges (full fare also $1.50). But, as we can see, the roll is clearly marked for all three bridges. 

   This raises the question: were the rolls simply marked for all three bridges, yet actually sold for different amounts even though marked for $10.00? I inquired of my contact at the TBTA, Ms. Hankins; and our correspondence follows:


Me:
I've encountered a token roll wrapper for Minor Crossings, 9 tokens and this trip, $10. So, 10 trips = $10 = $1.00 per trip. However, the only discounted toll token tariff that this matches up to is Henry Hudson Bridge, 1/31/1993 through 3/24/1996, and oddly enough, the Cross Bay and Marine Parkway during this time was .833 per trip. Yet, this wrapper is marked for all three minor crossings and is the usual copper plated token used.

Ms. Hankins:
Great question! The toll rates for those 3 facilities usually, though not always, rose in tandem (the 1980 toll increase did not’t hit the Henry Hudson), but that does not’t answer the question of why the tokens would be honored at different rates. Again, though, I have a very hard time imagining that the tokens were sold at one rate and accepted at another.

Me:
And therein lies the problem. While the Westchester Resident would have had to paid that increase, so would the Rockaway Residents even though their toll didn't go up if the roll is sold at the same rate. And I don't see them doing that - not without a fight! LOL ~ Look how vociferous the SI residents were.. 

So would this mean the rolls sold at the Henry Hudson would be of different quantity & sale amount than those rolls sold at Cross Bay & Marine Parkway because of the different applicable token discount value, yet the tokens remain interchangeable at all three for simplicity?  It works out to be a 17 cent difference, but I cannot see Westchester motorists driving 40 miles roundtrip and out of the way to save 1.70 on a roll of 10 tokens!

Ms. Hankins
I would be very surprised if they sold tokens at one value but accepted them for a higher value at a different facility. Not only does that sound like a nightmare for our accounting department and their balance sheets, but there’s a chance that it would create legal issues with regard to our bonds, which are backed by the toll revenues.

This is another guess, but I know that the cash bags that we collected from each facility were color coded to help keep them from getting mixed up during the sorting and counting process. We had very tight controls on the cash and tokens, and my guess is that the color coding on the token rolls was another visual marker to keep them separate while they were sorted and shipped. I’ve never seen any kind of discussion on the color coding in the historic records.

While I feel itself, with bags coded (color or marked otherwise), the TBTA could keep track of the location. If Henry Hudson Bridge tokens was indeed charged at a different rate the Cross Bay and Marine Parkway, bags from HH would be accounted differently.. Dump the bag in the sorting / counting machine, and what ever the counter read, multiply it by the tariff for Henry Hudson or the Cross Bay or Marine Parkway Bridges.

   I kept telling myself, how many drivers would have really looked at the printing on the rolls to notice if it said $10 or $11? But Ms. Hankins had a point in regards to accounting. So this got me thinking some more - the token makes the passage interchangeable among all three crossings. But was the wrapper itself used at all three or was there one wrapper for use at Henry Hudson Bridge and marked for $10.00 and another in a different quantity of tokens and sale amount for Cross Bay and Marine Parkway Bridges?

   I pondered this for several days. Then I had an epiphany. If one references the tariffs for the period before, (July 16, 1989) the discount token was .833 for all three Minor Crossings. But with the January 31, 1993 tariff, only the Henry Hudson toll increased; the Cross Bay & Marine Parkway remained the same at .833. This means, only the roll wrappers sold at the Henry Hudson would have to be adjusted for the new prepaid token discount rate of $1.00. Whatever roll that was in use for the prior tariff would just stay in use again, albeit only at Cross Bay and Marine Parkway Bridges.

      I had been thinking about it all wrong. One roll did not replace another roll, as I have come to expect with a change in value, but in this case they were both sold during the same time frame with the rolls of 11 TOKENS AND THIS TRIP - $10.00 sold only at Cross Bay and Marine Parkway Bridges and the 9 TOKENS AND THIS TRIP - $10.00 sold only at the Henry Hudson Bridge. But since the tokens were interchangeable, they were marked for all three crossings. This is the second time I got caught thinking this way, like I did with the Major Crossing Rolls of 8, which were sold alongside the rolls of 9 only with the rolls of 8 sold in pairs.

   And this raises an interesting fact which I had mentioned to Ms. Hankins. With the Rockaway rolls of tokens priced cheaper than the Henry Hudson Bridge roll of token, what was to stop an enterprising (a/k/a cheapskate) Westchester or northern Manhattan resident from buying the rolls at a Rockaway Crossing and using them at the Henry Hudson thereby saving 17 cents a token or $1.70 per roll? In reality, nothing; except it was a 40 mile round trip through two or three boroughs between Westchester and the Rockaways (depending on how you went), all with traffic, traffic lights, etc. For that era, what with an average vehicle economy of 20 mpg would have eaten most of the "profit" considering a 2 gallon round trip at $1.30 per gallon for that period of time in New York City.

   Honestly, it could not have been much of an issue for the TBTA as there is some factor built in to the expected revenues and shortfalls due to toll evaders, use of slugs, etc; so there would have to be some sort of "leeway" or "buffer" in the accounting to account for variables such as this.


   Moving along to the next tariff sheet of 1996; this next roll was issued: "11 TOKENS AND THIS TRIP" but the price is now $15.00. Please keep in mind, there should be another roll similar to this one: "11 TOKENS AND THIS TRIP" but which would be valued at $11.00; and would precede this issue $15.00; but it has not been seen as yet and will be added went it is observed.

   Nevertheless, this next roll conforms to the TBTA Minor Bridge toll tariff for the period of March 24, 1996 through May 17, 2003 ($1.75 cash fare, $1.25 discounted token, commensurate with the published 28.57 % discount:


NY630BC (roll) - Minor Crossings, "ROLL OF 11 TOKENS AND THIS TRIP" $15.00
Issued commensurate with March 24, 1996 toll schedule until May 17, 2003.
Images are approximately actual size.
collection of Philip M. Goldstein




   This next chart is a compilation of known token rolls and packs and IS NOT complete. New roll types will be added as they are discovered and some information may change as new data arrives. For the most part, the data contained is either empirical from examples in my collection ( ), images on the web ( ), from toll receipts ( Θ ) or mentioned in newspaper articles ( ).

Observed Rolls

packaging
& quantity - offer 

token description 
A/C #

(notes / remarks)
discounted purchase amount marked on the roll
[full cash fare in brackets] (value of token in parenthesis and includes the free trip or free token)
date(s) of use.
6/1976 
5/18/1980
6/1976 
5/18/1980
5/19/1980 
4/18/1982
4/19/1982 
1/2/1984
1/3/1984 
12/31/1985
1/1/1986 
2/6/1987
2/7/1987
7/15/1989
7/16/1989 
1/30/1993
1/31/1993
 3/23/1996
3/24/1996 to
2/3/1998 *
Rolls of Denominations
TBTA 20 TOKENS .50
(+ 1 free w/ purchase)


brass plated "Wheel" - NY630AU
$10  
[.50] (.42)
6/1976 - 5/19/1980


TBTA 20 TOKENS .75
(+ 1 free w/ purchase)

copper plated "Wheel" - NY630AV
wrapper design similar to above or below but with orange diagonal stripes and marked for $.75
$15  Θ
[.75] (.71)
 6/1976 - 1979?

TBTA 20 TOKENS $1.00 
(+ 1 free w/ purchase)


white metal plated "Wheel" - NY630AW

$20  
[1.00] (.95)
6/1976 - 5/19/1980

TBTA 20 TOKENS
 .75

(+ 1 free w/ purchase)


thicker & larger
29mm copper plated "Wheel" - NY630AZ

$15  
[.75] (.71)
1979 - 1982

TBTA 20 TOKENS  $1.00
and free token

brass 'M100
NY630BA

The significance of the red vs. blue
wrapper seen below is not yet known. Tokens are the same in either roll.
$20
[1.00] (.952)
8/23/1980 - 4/18/1982
$20
[1.00] (.952)
8/23/1980 - 4/18/1982


21 and free token

Major Crossings
brass 'M100'
NY630BA



Replaced with above 20 copper "List" NY630BD token below


$22
[1.00] (.95)
? to 4/19/1982

Rolls - Major Crossings

6/1976 
5/18/1980
6/1976 
5/18/1980
5/19/1980 
4/18/1982
4/19/1982 
1/2/1984
1/3/1984 
12/31/1985
1/1/1986 
2/6/1987
2/7/1987
7/15/1989
7/16/1989 
1/30/1993
1/31/1993
 3/23/1996
3/24/1996 to
2/3/1998 *
19 TOKENS
INCLUDES THIS TRIP

Major Crossings
copper "List" 
NY630BD













$22?
[1.25] (1.10)
$26?
[1.50](1.30)
30?
[1.75](1.50)
$34 
[2.50] (1.70)




8 TOKENS
AND THIS TRIP

Major Crossings
copper "List" 
NY630BD
While these rolls could have figuratively been sold individually, this would not accord the driver the full discount at $2.10 and $2.50 respectively from the full cash toll of $2.50 and $3.00, as single roll sales calculate to $2.33 per token for the $21.00 roll and $2.77 per token for the $25.00 roll.

Therefore it is believed that these roll quantities were packaged and intended to be sold in groups of two, with a single loose token and the trip being taken at the time of purchase; for a total of 20 trips purchased, as stated in TBTA President Michael C. Ascher's letter to the editor, New York Times,
January 13, 1992.

$21
(x2 rolls +1 loose)
[2.50] (2.10)
7/16/1989 to 1/30/1993
$25 
(x2 rolls +1 loose)
[3.00] (2.50)
1/31/1993 to
3/24/1996



9 TOKENS AND THIS TRIP

Major Crossings
copper "List" 
NY630BD













$17
[2.00] (1.70)
2/7/1987 to
7/15/1989
$21
[2.50] (2.10)
7/16/1989 to 1/30/1993
$25 
[3.00] (2.50)
1/31/1993 to 3/23/1996
$30  
[3.50] (3.00)
3/24/1996 to 2/3/1998

10 and this trip

Major Crossings
copper "List" 
NY630BD

















$21
[2.50] (2.10)
7/16/1989 to
1/30/1993



19
Major Crossings

(inter-governmental)
















$24.70
[1.75] (1.30)
1986




19 INCLUDES THIS TRIP

Major Crossings
w/ Staten Island Discount

copper "List"
NY630BD
















$32  Θ
[2.50] (1.60)
2/7/1987 to
7/15/1989




20

Major Crossings
copper "List"
NY630BD

















$34
7/16/1989 - 1/30/1993



20 including 1 free trip

Major Crossings
copper "List" 
NY630BD





















Rolls - Minor Crossings

6/1976 
5/18/1980
6/1976 
5/18/1980
5/19/1980 
4/18/1982
4/19/1982 
1/2/1984
1/3/1984 
12/31/1985
1/1/1986 
2/6/1987
2/7/1987
7/15/1989
7/16/1989 
1/30/1993
1/31/1993
 3/23/1996
3/24/1996 to
2/3/1998 *
Rolls of
20 TOKENS
no discount, but 1 token free at time of purchase 
brass plated "Wheel" - NY630AU
50 cent tokens
used?

25 cent tickets used for residents



















19 TOKENS 
INCLUDES THIS TRIP


Minor Crossings

copper "List" 
NY630BC









$12 Θ
[.90] (.60)

4/19/1982 to  1/2/1984
$12 Θ
[.90] (.60)

1/3/1984 to 12/31/1985






20 TOKENS 
INCLUDES THIS TRIP

Minor Crossings
copper "List" 
NY630BC














$14  
[1.00] (.666)
1/1/1986 to 2/6/1987
$14  
[1.00] (.666)
2/7/1987 to 7/15/1989




11 TOKENS
AND THIS TRIP

Minor Crossings

copper "List" 
NY630BC














$10
[1.25] (.833)
7/16/1989 - 1/30/1993
$10
[1.50] (.833)
1/30/1993 -
3/23/1996

This roll and wrapper sold only at Cross Bay & Marine Parkway Bridges during this time frame.

(Tokens good at at all minor crossings)
$15
[1.75] (1.25)
3/24/1996
5/17/2003
Beginning 1994 Rockaway Residents were now issued the Rockaway Resident token to accommodate the additional resident discount to $1.00

9 TOKENS
AND THIS TRIP

Minor Crossings

copper "List" 
NY630BC




$10 
[1.50] (1.00)
1/31/1993 -
3/24/1996
This roll and wrapper sold only at Henry Hudson Bridge  during this time frame.

(Tokens good at at all minor crossings)



19

Minor Crossings

(inter-governmental)
unknown if this roll was specially marked
or denominated for
Inter Governmental use














$11.40 Θ
[1.00] (.60)
1986




.
Rolls / Packs - Residents Only
Roll of of 12? - Rockaway Residents Only
Minor Crossings copper "List" NY630BC or brass "Resident" - NY631Y
Rockaway Resident Tokens were issued in the middle of a tariff schedule, and therefore are not associated with toll raising date. 1994 to 4/30/2017

Pack of 5 - Staten Island Residents Only
brass "Resident" - NY632D
(unknown if "4 and this trip" or 5 actual tokens)
Staten Island Resident Tokens were issued in the middle of a tariff schedule, and therefore are not associated with toll raising date. 11/1993 to 9/30/2017

Pack of 10 - Staten Island Residents Only
brass "Resident" - NY632D
(unknown if "9 and this trip" or 10 actual tokens)n/a
Staten Island Resident Tokens were issued in the middle of a tariff schedule, and therefore are not associated with toll raising date. 11/1993 to 9/30/2017

Packs
Several official documents and newspaper articles use the term "packs of 20". 
As we only have encountered rolls of 20, this raises the question if those documents are referring to actual packs (sealed bags or envelopes of paper or plastic) or they were actually referring to tubular rolls.
This remains to be determined.
Pack of 20
Major Crossings

$22
[1.10]
4/21/1982

$30
[1.75] (1.40)
1/1/1986- 2/6/1987


$34
[2.00] (1.60)
2/7/1987 - 7/16/1989



packaging
& quantity - offer 

token description 
A/C #

(notes / remarks)
6/1976 
5/18/1980
6/1976 
5/18/1980
5/19/1980 
4/18/1982
4/19/1982 
1/2/1984
1/3/1984 
12/31/1985
1/1/1986 
2/6/1987
2/7/1987
7/15/1989
7/16/1989 
1/30/1993
1/31/1993
 3/23/1996
3/24/1996 to
2/3/1998 *
discounted purchase amount marked on the roll
[full cash fare in brackets] (value of token in parenthesis and includes the free trip or free token)
date(s) of use.

Footnotes:
Mail orders of tokens ended 5/14/1982
Minor and Major Crossing ("List" token) Roll sales ended 2/3/1998
Rockaway and Staten Island Resident Tokens remained for sale only to the respective residents until 4/30 and 9/30/2017
All token redemption ended 9/30/2017
= in authors collection
 = visually confirmed to exist (internet auction or archives)
Θ = listed on toll receipts or other official documents
₦ = mentioned in newspaper




BACK TO TOP OF PAGE / INDEX


Mail Order Sales

   Other than purchasing them at the toll booths, token rolls were also available by mail.

   To be mailed; the token rolls, due to weight and non-machinability in postal sorting machines; a roll would have either have to have been sent first class mail with a non-machinable surcharge added to the base postage; or parcel post, which is processed at a much slower rate due to irregular sizes & weights than first class.


  No mention is made of additional shipping charges for the token rolls by mail; so we conclude the TBTA absorbed those postage costs and incurred a reduced margin of revenue. Ms. Hankins suggested the "and this trip" was not redeemed through a mail order, so this offset the postage costs incurred by the TBTA.   

   It is mentioned in at least one New York Times article dated April 20, 1982 that:

"Tokens for any of the bridges or tunnels can be purchased at tollbooths or at the authorities administration building on Randall's Island. No credit cards or checks will be accepted. Tokens can also be purchased by mail by sending a check or money order to the Triborough Bridge & Tunnel Authority, Randall's Island, New York, NY 10035."

"A packet of 20 tokens costs $22.00" reducing the trip cost of each trip to $1.10."

   As the time this was published (the day after the toll fare increase of April 19), the full fare for a passenger automobile (with no trailer) was $1.25. $1.25 reduced to $1.10 works out to a 12% discount.

   The use of the word "packet" raised a potential question as well. A packet infers a small enclosed envelope: (the NYCTA offered ten tokens in a clear plastic bag approximately 2 1/2" x 2 1/2" and called a "TimeSaver Pak". But a roll is significantly different from a packet. When someone asks for a packet of coins from a bank, we will be met with a blank stare. Ask for a roll and there are no questions.

   The use of a packet, being flatter and more flexible; would allow it to be processed via automated sorting machines and therefore shipped expeditiously via first class.

   With the discovery of the June 1976 New York Times article seen at the beginning of this chapter, we now have confirmation of the use of plastic bags for packaging 20 tokens. If anyone out there has an actual token pack (as opposed to a roll) for the TBTA tokens, send an image and we could put this matter to rest.

   While the TBTA order forms for the public as seen in the Internal Documents & Reference Materials chapter later in this website clearly show scrip ticket books available by mail, these forms do not list tokens (with the exception of the inter-governmental order).

   But, we have confirmation via Ms. Hankins that the TBTA did in fact offer tokens by mail. Because such practice was discontinued in 1982! Included in the minutes of a meeting taking place of May 14, 1982 (not 4 weeks after the New York Time article above), the following is recorded:



.

Individual Full Fare Token Sales:
.
   If my memory serves me correctly, I also distinctly recall toll collectors selling "the List" tokens individually for full price.

   If your journey was to be round trip and the toll rate was $3.50 at the crossing at that time, you could pull up to the manned full service / receipts toll booth, hand the toll collector $7.00 and request a token as change for the return trip.

   This way; on your return trip you could save a little time, by avoiding the manned toll lanes and use the exact change lanes. With token in hand, you approached the collection basket at a slow roll in your car, rolled down your window and flung your token into the basket without actually stopping and gunned the accelerator.



Overall Design Characteristics of the Token Issues:
.
   There are four major styles of TBTA token issues: "the Wheel", "the Big M", "the List" and "the Resident". These are informal names that I have assigned to them to identify and discuss them easier.

   The "Wheel" design is the first issue, and released in June 29, 1976. They are seen in three denominations: 50 (brass plated), 75 (copper plated) and 100 (white metal plated) with several subtypes of the 75 cent token being known: thin border rim, thick border rim, small letter, large letter and a solid brass. Some of these variants may not be intentional design changes (with the exception of the solid brass issue), but a result of contracting with different manufacturers over time.

   They all carry the splayed leg 'M' logo of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority. As this logo was adopted for use in 1968, the tokens were logically issued after this date. While the Atwood Coffee catalog attributes the earliest issue date as 1975, the newspaper article and internal information from the TBTA confirms June 29, 1976 as the first time the tokens were released for circulation to the public. Therefore, the date listed in the Atwood Coffee may be the manufacturing date. The manufacturer is unknown at this time.    

   There are several common factors among all four series of TBTA tokens:
  
1) all TBTA tokens are medallion orientation;  
   The lettering on all tokens of all four issues is of medallion orientation, that being if your hold the token with your fingers at the 12 and 6 o' clock positions (vertical axis), and turn the      token; the writing on both sides remains readable. A coin orientation means if you hold the token (or coin) with your fingers at the 9 and 3 o'clock positions (horizontal axis), and turn    the coin or token over, both sides remains readable; (but when flipped at 12 and 6 o'clock, one side is upside down).  

2) all known tokens EXCEPT the NY632D (Staten Island Resident), have a reeded edge (that is, grooved like a US dime or quarter, not smooth like a penny or nickel);
      whereas the NY632D (Staten Island Resident) has a smooth rolled edge;  

3) all known tokens have a solid design, that is with no cut outs or punch outs in the design (like the first designs of the NYC Subway tokens with Y cut out);

4) all tokens are lightly magnetic EXCEPT NYC630BK ( M / 75 / TBTA ) and NY630BAa ( M / 100 ).


   Tokens illustrated below are shown larger than actual size (unless otherwise noted) for detail but are scaled the same for size comparison.

   Token types known are thus:


First Issue - "the Wheel"
issued 1976 - April 18, 1982

Atwood Coffee
number
obverse printing reverse printing issue
date
size (diameter)
weight (g) 1
material edge notes obverse reverse
NY630AU M 
50
TBTA
 M 
50
TBTA
June 1976 25mm

6.2 g
brass plated 
red brass? 
reeded thin border rim,
3.5mm TBTA

Roger Williams Mint

for use at Cross Bay, Marine Parkway and Henry Hudson Bridges
same as obverse
NY630AV M 
75
TBTA
M 
75
TBTA
June 1976 26mm

6.8 g
copper plated reeded thin border rim,
3.5mm TBTA

Roger Williams Mint

for use at Triborough, Bronx Whitestone, Throgs Neck Bridges and Brooklyn Battery, Queens Midtown Tunnels.
same as obverse
NY630AW M 
100
TBTA
M 
100
TBTA
June 1976 27mm

8.2 g
white metal
plated
reeded thin border rim,
4mm TBTA
Roger Williams Mint

for use at Verrazano Narrows Bridge.
same as obverse
NY630AZ v1 M 
75
TBTA
M 
75
TBTA
1979 29mm

9.0 g
copper plated reeded thick border rim,
4mm TBTA
same as obverse
NY630AZ v2 M 
75
TBTA
M 
75
TBTA
1979 29mm

8.7 g
copper plated reeded thick border rim,
thick M
3.5mm TBTA
same as obverse
NY630BK M 
75
TBTA
M 
75
TBTA
ca. 1976 26mm

8.3 g
brass reeded thin border rim,
4mm TBTA
non-magnetic
same as obverse


   An example of NY630AU in my collection, as well as others seen; appears to be copper or red brass, as it is reddish brown in color and not yellow as brass tokens in this issue are.

   It is postulated, that the different sized tokens for each denomination were designed in this manner for automatic sorting, by passing through progressively larger sorting screens. This aided in the use of automatic sorting and rolling machines. The smallest token (50) would drop first, followed by the next largest, the 75; and finally the 100.
   
   Most of the TBTA tokens above are commonly seen in heavily circulated conditions and are available for purchase via online auction or websites.Minimally circulatedtoken carry a premium.  Unless gold plated, stamped Tiffany & Co and made into cuff links (I'm being facetious), you should not expect to nor should you pay more than a few dollars for each, price commensurate on condition.




Second Issue - "the Big M"
8/23/1980 - ?



   The second issue of TBTA tokens, of which only one denomination is known, the dollar (100). The Atwood Coffee catalog lists an issue date of 1980, and fortunately, the New York Times mentions the release:





   While not stated in the article, this token issue features a new design. On the obverse: the TBTA seal (bridge over tunnel over TBTA letters):

 

   and a large M over the large denomination 100 on the reverse, hence the nickname: the "Big M".  


   It is also with this series that a striped overprinting has first been witnessed, but which is not listed in the Atwood-Coffee Catalog. The method used in application of the stripes is currently unknown: solvent based spray, anodized or electrostatically applied and heat cured powdercoat? Due to the thin light coating of the stripes, I lean towards a solvent based application for this issue, but this is unconfirmed.

   An interesting discovery is that the issue with black stripes is significantly more magnetic than other tokens from other issues; and the regular issue token (without stripes) of this issue which is not magnetic at all.

   By significantly more magnetic, I mean it really grabs my magnetic screwdriver, whereas the other slightly magnetic issues only lightly attract the tip of the screwdriver. And the pull exerted on my magnet increases the closer it comes to the stripes, as opposed to being a uniform pull around the entire token.

   It is without any doubt, those stripes themselves have magnetic properties.

Atwood Coffee number obverse printing reverse printing issue date size (diameter)
weight (g)
material edge overprint notes obverse reverse
NY630BAa TBTA seal M
100
August 23, 1980
29mm

8.6 g
brass  reeded no regular issue
non-magnetic
NY630BAb
(unlisted)
TBTA seal M
100
1983? 29mm

8.6 g
brass 
reeded yes two parallel 4 mm black stripes
on reverse only
stripes significantly magnetic

(Staten Island resident or anti-counterfeiting?)


.
   However a New York Times article dated August 17, 1984;"Plague of Pesos Afflicts Token Machines in City"  which publicized the disparaging use of slugs and counterfeits in New York City's token machines:

"The Mexican peso, a coin worth half a cent, has become a $132,000-a-year problem for the Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority. The toll machines on the authority's bridges cannot distinguish between the $1.50 tokens they collect and the silver-colored peso. The use of pesos started soon after a new token was introduced with a fare increase in April 1982, authority officials said. Now, about 7,300 pesos are collected from fare machines each month - the equivalent of $11,000 a month in tolls. In an effort to combat the pesos, the authority plans to spend at least $11,600 a month to lease machines designed to distinguish its tokens from slugs, counterfeits and foreign coins."

"The peso, for example, is made from nickel and a sliver of silver, while the authority's tokens are solid brass."

   This article creates a question however: no tokens are known to be marked $1.50. Unless the issue with two black stripes is the $1.50 issue? The unabridged article may be read here (pages A1 and B2): New York Time Digital Archives

   It is also possible that the token with two stripes was created and used to differentiate between regular issue tokens and those that could be purchased by only by Staten Island residents.

   As can be read in the June 23, 1983 issue of the New York Times; New York Governor Mario Cuomo signed legislation the previous day granting residents of Staten Island a 25 cent discount on their toll on the Verrazano Narrows Bridge. This discount was because they had to pay tolls to enter the borough from either New Jersey or Brooklyn, so those residents that worked out of Staten Island, carried an additional financial burden in residing in Staten Island. This legislation and discounted token offered them some minor financial relief, and was only available to those residing in Staten Island. The New York Times article mentions a sticker that had to be applied to their vehicle that entitled them to purchase a pack of 20 special $1 tokens:

"Governor Cuomo today signed legislation giving Staten Islanders a special 25-cent discount on the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge toll...

Under the law, residents of Staten Island may get stickers on their cars that will entitle them to buy packages of 20 special $1 tokens. The program is expected to begin by fall. The regular fare in each direction is $1.25."

   The full article can be read here (pages A1 and B6): New York Times Digital Archives. And fortunately, we have an image of that sticker:





   It is believed but unconfirmed; that the striped variety of tokens are those special tokens, so the question now remains: whether the striped magnetic token was for differentiating between regular and Staten Island Resident issues or it was an anti-counterfeiting measure?

   I did inquire of this in my initial email to Ms. Hankins, who in turn passed along the inquiry to both the present and the retired Directors of Revenue Operations with their responses (and my comments in parenthesis):


“The tokens were brass tokens with metallic stripes which were used to prevent counterfeiting of tokens. The exterior of the tokens were copper plated, but sometimes the copper plate wore off and exposed the stripes.
(They were not copper plated - none of the M100 tokens have ever shown evidence or remains of copper plating. I personally think he may be referring the later issue of tokens with silver stripes as seen in the next series. PMG)  

"The retired Director of Revenue Operations also thinks, but is not quite certain, the black stripes occurred on the M100 token from metal oxidation which caused that type of steel to turn black."


   With this; we have unanswered questions pertaining to this issue that remain to be answered.

   In terms of collectability, both the regular issue and the striped variety of this issue are seldom seen, with the striped token being far more rare. The regular issue in average circulated issue is worth $5-10, and the striped issue $15 or more.







Third Issue - "the List"
1982 - February 3, 1998


   The third issue tokens removed the numerical denomination from the reverse of the token and replaced it with a list of crossings that that token could be used at. There are two sizes: 25mm for the Minor Crossings (Marine, Henry Hudson, Cross Bay) and 29mm for the Major Crossings:(Triborough, Bronx Whitestone, Verrazano Narrows, Brooklyn Battery, Queens Midtown, Throgs Neck).

   Removing the denomination from the token makes logical sense as by this time, the tolls were now being raised on a frequent basis. By removing the denomination, the same token could be sold, regardless of the toll fare in the future, in similar concept to the present US Postal Service "Forever" stamp. Postage can be raised, but the USPS will not have to print new stamps with a different denomination on them, thereby saving money.    

   And, by having two sizes; the TBTA could accommodate the cost differential between tokens of the major crossings (Triborough Bridge, Bronx Whitestone Bridge, Verrazano Narrows Bridge, Brooklyn Battery Tunnel, Queens Midtown Tunnel, Throgs Neck Bridge), and those of the minor crossings (Marine Parkway Bridge, Henry Hudson Parkway Bridge and the Cross Bay Boulevard Bridge) which cost a lower fare.

   The obverse retains the TBTA seal. The large "Major Crossing" issue is now confirmed to have been struck by Roger Williams Mint. It is believed the smaller "Minor Crossing" issue was also, but this is unconfirmed.

White Metal Stripe

   We also see a variety of these tokens with a stripe, this time a single 5 millimeter white metal stripe.

   While at first, I thought the stripe was applied over the copper plate, and was to denote Rockaway and Staten Island Resident issues.

   But that "freak" token I have, got me thinking. The Atwood Coffee defines this issue as copper plated. I would conclude the underlying token material is brass with copper plating, and the brass is showing through as a result of wear. Nothing surprising there, but:

   a) Note how the white metal stripe is almost completely worn off from the sunken areas of the obverse (TBTA seal / copper plated side) with remnants of the stripe on the raised rim and letters. Thinking logically would reflect that the stripe would be better protected in thesunken areas and would remain, with the raised areas more prone to rubbing & wear. Yet the opposite has happened.

   b) In contrast to this, the stripe is sharp and defined on the reverse (list of crossings / brass) side in both raisedand sunken areas.

   c) Logic would also dictate the plating on both sides be evenly wear to almost the same degree. It would also be logical to conclude that if the copper plating wore off, so would have the white metal stripe. Does the white metal stripe adhere better to brass than copper?


NY630BD - copper obverse and brass reverse?
collection of Philip M. Goldstein


   So this got me thinking - what if the white stripe was under the copper, and it was the copper plating itself that was wearing off? After finally coming to terms with myself in sacrificing a spare NY630BC (Minor Crossings) token, I conducted a little experiment.

   Following online instructions for removing copper plate with simple household chemicals, I commenced in doing so: one part 3% Hydrogen Peroxide, two parts White Vinegar (Acetic Acid). After 15 minutes the solution started to very lightly form bubbles on the token. After an hour, the solution took on a light blue tint and the copper plate began to dissolve revealing the white metal stripe and the brass token:



prior to soaking in solution
after 15 minutes in one part 3% Hydrogen Peroxide /
two parts White Vinegar - bubbles!
.
.
.




after 6 hours (and one change of solution)    after 16 hours (and two more changes of solution)


   I changed the solution three times over 16 hours. The end result is clear and revealed that the white metal stripe is embedded into the brass stock, and not applied over the copper plate as I originally thought! Therefore a strip of white metal is believed to have been inlaid at the time of rolling the brass stock, and prior to die punching the blank planchets.

   When I run my finger over the token, I can even feel a joint or transition between the white metal and the brass, where the white metal stripe is higher than the brass. Breaking out my trusty Herter micrometer (pre-WWII Germany), the thickness of the token at the rim is .069", while the overall thickness on the white metal strip at the rim is .072". This means that the combined thickness of the white metal strip is .003" inches thicker than the token. This equates to .0015" higher per side.

   And the copper plating? Just 5 ten thousandths of an inch at its thinnest (on top of the white metal stripe). This explains why the token wears through first at the stripe on the rim and why the stripe appears before the copper plate is worn off.


all dimensions taken at rim of Minor Crossings NY630BC token
rendering: � 2020 P. M. Goldstein


   As for the composition of the white metal, it appears to be a lightly magnetic stainless steel (ferritic, not austenitic), and as it did not etch and remained polished with a high luster throughout the duration of the acid bath.

   So my initial conclusions previously published here were incorrect: a) the stripe was not applied over the copper plate, and therefore b) the stripe could NOT used to identify discount Resident issues, as it would be hidden under the copper plate. Therefore, it is simply an anti-counterfeiting device.

   And yes; while this is all highly technical for just the average collector, this experiment bears out that the white metal stripe variety of tokens aren't a variety at all, just a more worn example of the tokens.

   If one watches the online auction listings closely, you will note many tokens have the the metallic stripe in varying degrees of visibility. This is all due to handling. As the copper plating wore off, more and more of the white metal stripe showing through and visible, (and not the other way around with the stripe wearing off).

   Remember, a lot of these tokens were used in automated toll booths with catch baskets; so regular use of said token included being roughly handled, not to mention the TBTA's automated counting and rolling machines.

   This experiment also explains the existence of that half copper / half brass token in my collection. However it occurred, the copper plate was removed from one side of the token revealing the white metal stripe and the brass.

   As a result of this experiment, we can now conclude that all the "List" tokens have that white metal stripe embedded, therefore eliminating the need for a variety listing in Atwood Coffee or here. Therefore, I have removed the stripe variety NY630BCb and NYC630BDb from the table below.

Atwood Coffee
number
obverse printing reverse printing issue
date
size (diameter)
weight (g)
material edge overprint notes obverse reverse
NY 630 BC TBTA seal MARINE
HENRY HUDSON
CROSS BAY

M
1982 25mm

6.3 g
copper plated reeded no minor crossing
regular issue
NY 630 BD TBTA seal TRIBOROUGH
BRONX WHITESTONE

VERRAZANO NARROWS
BROOKLYN BATTERY

QUEENS MIDTOWN

THROGS NECK

M
1982 29mm

8.2 g
copper plated reeded no major crossing
regular issue

minted by Roger Williams
qty minted: 7,500,000

Both issues extremely common.


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Fourth Issue - "the Residents"
1994 - 2015 (?)


   As stated, the fourth issue of tokens is believed to have been minted to replace the striped tokens, but to have been used along side the general issues tokens of the Third Issue.

   The TBTA issued this series of tokens in 1994, which are now specially minted in relief (raised) markings on the reverse: ROCKAWAY RESIDENT M around the circumference of the rim, with CROSSBAY AND MARINE PARKWAY in the center, or STATEN ISLAND RESIDENT M around the circumference of the rim, and VERRAZANO NARROWS BRIDGE in the center. The obverse still carries the TBTA Seal in relief.    

   As for cataloging, these two token issues are now listed in the borough specific listings of the Atwood Coffee: Queens - NY631 Queens and Staten Island - NY632, as opposed to all the previous types all listed under New York City - NY630.    

   It is also known that the Rockaway Resident tokens could only be purchased at Cross Bay Bridge and Marine Parkway Bridge toll booths; likewise the Staten Island Resident tokens only available at the Verrazano Narrows Bridge toll booths and could only be purchased by those residents with the proper pass or sticker in the car window.

   After my initial email, I received a reply from Gibson Olpp; marketing manager for Osborne Coin (successor to Roger Williams Mint).

Made in 1993 for Triborough Bridge & Tunnel Authority Tokens

5,254,000 -  1.095” Staten Island Token

4,246,300 -  0.895” Rockaway Resident Token

That is as far back as the records go.

   So, a little more information never hurts. But, as with most research; one question answered finds one more needs to be asked: Roger Williams Mint lists manufacturing size in SAE (inches) - Atwood Coffee has them in millimeters.

   From what I am able to gather by reviewing the toll schedules, and following confirmation from Ms. Hankins; the "Resident" tokens were sold and accepted long after the regular issue "List" token were removed from circulation. I, in error; had been under the conclusion all token sales ceased February 3, 1998;, but again, I was incorrect.

   The resident tokens remained for sale to said residents because of the specific language as stated in the New York State statute, which provided those residents of Staten Island and Rockaway a discounted token. After the physical tokens stopped being accepted in 2017, said residents were eligible for "e-Tokens" as so called in the schedules. As they are still called "tokens", the letter of the law is upheld.

   These last two token issues were finally withdrawn from use; first at Cross Bay and Marine Parkway Bridges on April 30, 2017; and by September 30, 2017 at the Verrazano Narrows Bridge. 


Atwood Coffee number obverse printing reverse printing issue date size (diameter)
weight (g)
material edge overprint notes obverse reverse
NY 631 Y TBTA seal ROCKAWAY RESIDENT  M

CROSSBAY AND MARINE PARKWAY BRIDGES
1994 0.895"
(23mm +/-)

6.0 g
brass plated reeded no minor crossing

minted by: Roger Williams
qty minted: 4,246,300
NY 632 D TBTA seal STATEN ISLAND RESIDENT M

VERRAZANO NARROWS BRIDGE
11/1993 1.095"
(28mm +/-)

8.9 g
brass plated smooth no major crossing

minted by Roger Williams
qty minted: 5,254,000

Footnotes: weights by author via OHaus triple beam Series 700

   In regards to collectability, the Resident Tokens are more readily seen in much better conditions than that of their previous issue counterparts, as they only issued for approximately 4 years and despite having been circulated for 13 years. However they are a little scarcer in my opinion. Higher grade examples should not cost you more than $10 each.







Triborough Bridge 50th Anniversary Commemorative Issue


   While not a true fiscal issue used for paying a toll, George S. Cuhaj offered the following item for inclusion into the topic.

   It is a Commemorative Medallion issued for the 50th Anniversary of the Triborough Bridge. Its dimensions are identical with that of the toll issues, but this token is gilt plated (gold). From references it was only issued to employees of the Triborough Bridge & Tunnel Authority. It was issued in the plastic protective case with spacer ring just as you see..



Triborough Bridge 50th Anniversary Commemorative Medallion - 1986
gilt plated, in protective case, issued to employees
Roger Williams Mint
(quantity minted unknown, but under 10,000)

collection of George S. Cuhaj


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The End of the Line for the Tokens

   Testing of the E-ZPass RFID toll collection system by the Triborough Bridge & Tunnel Authority began in 1991, as seen in the Staten Island Advance article dated February 26, 1991.

   In just seven short years, as seen in the New York Times, token sales ended on February 3, 1998 with the widespread use of E-ZPass (radio frequency transmitter tag) being instituted. The transcribed article reads as follows:


The bridge and tunnel token is one step closer to becoming a collector's item.

In the latest nod to the ubiquity of the E-Z Pass, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority on Sunday stopped selling tokens at six of its nine tunnels and bridges in New York City.

The move was not exactly a surprise. Last year, the M.T.A. stopped selling the tokens in bulk at those six crossings -- leaving the $7 round-trip transaction as the only one for which motorists could buy tokens. Four months ago, the authority removed its tokens-only baskets from its tollbooths. And last month, the authority reported that only 2 percent of the estimated 730,000 vehicles that crossed its bridges and tunnels daily used tokens.

Now, anyone who wants to buy a token can do so only at three crossings: on the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge, where the toll is collected in only one direction, Staten Island residents -- and no one else -- can buy a package of tokens worth 5 or 10 round-trips. Token packages will also be sold for the Cross Bay and Marine Parkway Bridges, in the Rockaways, which are less expensive than the other crossings and use a smaller-sized token.

Those who still have tokens can still use them at any of the crossings. Frank Pascual, a spokesman for M.T.A. Bridges and Tunnels, said, ''We'll take them as long as you have them.'

The authority introduced the E-Z Pass in 1995, saying that it would shave precious minutes off rush-hour commuting time and eliminate the hassle of having to fumble for coins and bills to pay the toll. 

The small E-Z Pass transponders are mounted on windshields and are read electronically at toll gates that automatically deduct the fares from customers' accounts.

Despite some initial missteps, the E-Z Pass proved to be wildly popular. In 1997, the M.T.A. projected that 170,000 transponders would be installed by year's end. The actual figure turned out to be 1.2 million, Mr. Pascual said.



   Reading the article a little more carefully, I have realized that token sales stopped at 6 of 9 crossings, but remained on sale for Staten Island Residents (Verrazano Narrows Bridge) as well as the Rockaway Residents (Cross Bay and Marine Parkway Bridges).

   These tokens are shown for sale as late as the 2015 toll schedule in the 
pdf file. The exact date of when sales of these tokens ceased is not yet known. It is therefore not known if sales stopped at the cessation of acceptance at the dates below or some time before.

   Eventually, acceptance of the remaining tokens was phased out and ceased as well. This took place on two separate dates, those being: first at Cross Bay and Marine Parkway Bridges on April 30, 2017; and by September 30, 2017 at the Verrazano Narrows Bridge. 

   All toll booths at all crossings have since been removed, and toll collection automated to E-ZPass and Tolls By Mail. The full service / receipts / toll collectors are gone. The exact change lanes with their white plastic catch baskets and moving arms are gone. 

   Have no fear! Those people that still hold tokens can exchange tokens (but why would you?!?!) through a token refund kit from MTA Bridges & Tunnels.

   On October 1, 2019; I actually called the phone number on the MTA Bridges & Tunnels website for the token refund kit. The nice lady who answered the telephone took my information and asked how many tokens I would be sending in. I told her none, and there was a pregnant pause on the line. I then explained I was a TBTA toll token collector and only wanted the refund kit as part of my token collection. She was quite amused and said that I was the first one that she ever knew to ever do that!   

MTA Bridges & Tunnels - Token Refund Kit
collection of Philip M. Goldstein


BACK TO TOP OF PAGE / INDEX





Toll Receipts

   Undoubtedly, the most "disposable" of the memorabilia: the toll receipt. And perhaps the rarest? Scrip & tokens might have been saved because of intrinsic value, but receipts? 

   If I could tell you how many were thrown away, and how many I found under the seat of my grandfathers car.  

   I will not hide the fact that I had an affection for traveling, beginning as a young child. And encouraging this, my father would ask for maps, receipts and other goodies at every toll booth during trips; whether it was just across the bridge or down to Florida. I had a pile of them in a box under the seat of the family van. Verrazano, Goethals, New Jersey Turnpike, Chesapeake Bay Bridge Tunnel, you name it. All the way down the East Coast from Brooklyn, New York to Miami Beach, Florida, where my grandparents lived; and New York State Thruway, Southern State Parkway, Palisades Parkway, Garden State Parkway, and the New Jersey Turnpike.

   But, like the proverbial box of baseball cards or comic books, they were disposed of during a cleaning session at some point. Mine are probably all decayed under the Fountain Avenue landfill by now. But I have managed to accumulate a few since then.



Systemwide "Generic" Receipts - Form 0-10
July 5, 1971 
collection of Philip M. Goldstein
October 9, 1974 - 5:05 PM
Triborough Bridge - Manhattan span

collection of Philip M. Goldstein


November 13, 1969 (incorrect)
$20.00 token sale @
Verrazano Narrows Bridge - 7:42 AM
TBTA did not offer tokens until 1976, and packaged in those amounts:
twenty .50 for $10, twenty .75 for $15.00 or twenty 1.00 for $20.00
.
Therefore I postulate the receipt was issued between June 1976 and 1980,
date of the first toll increase after those first token packs were offered.

collection of Philip M. Goldstein
October 2, 1979?  ? 7:53 AM
$20.00 token sale @ Verrazano Narrows Bridge
collection of Philip M. Goldstein


October 18, 1985 - $26.00 roll of tokens sale
@ Bronx Whitestone Bridge - 9:31 AM
collection of Philip M. Goldstein
ca. 1989 - $2.00
collection of Philip M. Goldstein



Triborough Bridge

TRIBOROUGH BRIDGE
April 6, 1974
  .50
(bold round font, unbleached paper)
collection of Philip M. Goldstein
Class 1 - .50
TRIBOROUGH BRIDGE
April 13, 1974 - 11:0 ..
(tall oval font - unbleached paper)

collection of Philip M. Goldstein
Class 1 - .50
TRIBOROUGH BRIDGE
April 20, 1974 - 17:02
(tall oval font - bleached paper)

collection of Philip M. Goldstein

.

.




 December 13, 1979 .75
Triborough Bridge
(bold round font, V1)

collection of Philip M. Goldstein
Class 1 - .75
TRIBOROUGH BRIDGE
January 16, ? ? - 8:39

(thin oval font)
collection of Philip M. Goldstein
Class 1 - .75
TRIBOROUGH BRIDGE
PREPAID
March 21 1979 - 12:03
(tall squared font - small year)

collection of Philip M. Goldstein
Class 1 - .75
TRIBOROUGH BRIDGE
PREPAID
September 4, 1979 - 14:58
(tall squared font - large year)

collection of Philip M. Goldstein





July 17, 1980  1.00
TOLL PAID

(bold round font)
collection of Philip M. Goldstein
Class 1 - 1.00
TRIBOROUGH BRIDGE
PREPAID  
TM (Manhattan)
July 28, ?  ?
- 7:03 AM
(thin rounded font)

collection of Philip M. Goldstein
Class 1 - 1.00
TRIBOROUGH BRIDGE
PREPAID  
TM (Manhattan)
September 12, ?  ? - 8:51 A
(tall oval font)

collection of Philip M. Goldstein
Class 1 -
1.00 TRIBOROUGH BRIDGE
PREPAID  
TM (Manhattan)
September 12, ?  ? - 2:25 PM
(short oval font )

collection of Philip M. Goldstein








APR 25 '81
TRI-BORO BRIDGE
BRONX
TOLL PAID $1.00
(M logo)
collection of Philip M. Goldstein








Class 1 - 1.25
TRIBOROUGH BRIDGE

PREPAID  
TM (Manhattan)
July 11 1982 8:55 AM
(thin rounded font)
collection of Philip M. Goldstein
Class 1 - 1.25
TRIBOROUGH BRIDGE

PREPAID  
TM (Manhattan)
October 11, 1982 12:50 PM
(tall oval font)
collection of Philip M. Goldstein
Class 1 - 1.25
TRIBOROUGH BRIDGE

PREPAID  
TX (Bronx)
October 11, 1982
12:50 PM
(tall oval font)
collection of Philip M. Goldstein
OCT 06 '82
TRI-BORO BRIDGE
MANHATTAN
TOLL PAID $1.25

(M logo)

collection of Philip M. Goldstein





Class 1 - 1.50
TRIBOROUGH
BRIDGE

PREPAID
TM (Manhattan)
October 11, 1982 12:50 PM
(thin rounded font)
collection of Philip M. Goldstein
Class 1 - 1.50
TRIBOROUGH
BRIDGE

PREPAID
TM (Manhattan)
October 14, 1984 8:39 AM
(tall oval font)
collection of Philip M. Goldstein
Class 4 - 3.00
TRIBOROUGH
BRIDGE

PREPAID
TM (Manhattan)
June 1, 1984 7:12 PM
(thin rounded font)
collection of Philip M. Goldstein
Token (roll) - 26.00
TRIBOROUGH
BRIDGE

PREPAID
TM (Manhattan)
August 13, 1985 10:21 AM
(tall oval font)
collection of Philip M. Goldstein





April 24, 1985
TRI-BORO BRIDGE
MANHATTAN
TOLL PAID $1.50
(M logo)
collection of Philip M. Goldstein

October 25, 1986
TRI-BORO BRIDGE
MANHATTAN
TOLL PAID $1.75 (M logo)
collection of Philip M. Goldstein







RECEIPT
(TBTA LOGO)  
5/26/91 14:47 PM TBB Class 1 $2.50
(pre-printed logo & grid, dot matrix data, black ink)
collection of author - P. M. Goldstein


.

.

Bronx Whitestone Bridge
WHITESTONE BRIDGE
July 22, 1974 - 1:40 PM    .50
TOLL PAID
collection of Philip M. Goldstein
WHITESTONE BRIDGE
August 23, 1976 - 7:58 PM    .75
TOLL PAID
collection of Philip M. Goldstein



WHITESTONE BRIDGE
August 5, 1978 - 9:38 PM    .75
PREPAID TICKET
TOLL PAID

collection of Philip M. Goldstein
July 15, 1979 - 5:42 PM
PAID TOLL .75

BRONX WHITESTONE
unusual numbered cardstock receipt

collection of Philip M. Goldstein


May 09, 1981
WHITESTONE BRIDGE
PREPAID TICKET
TOLL PAID 1.00
collection of Philip M. Goldstein
May 09, 1981
WHITESTONE BRIDGE
TOLL PAID 1.00
(M logo)
collection of Philip M. Goldstein


WHITESTONE BRIDGE
May 12, 1984 - 9:53 PM - 1.50

collection of Philip M. Goldstein
WHITESTONE BRIDGE
TOLL PAID (M logo)
April 7, 1984 - 1.50

collection of Philip M. Goldstein
WHITESTONE BRIDGE
TOLL PAID (M logo)
April 15, 1986 - 1.75

collection of Philip M. Goldstein




Throgs Neck Bridge
Class 1 - .50
THROGS
NECK
BRIDGE

74 JUN 24 - 19:53

(small oval font)
collection of Philip M. Goldstein
THROGS NECK
BRIDGE
August 23, 1976   .75
(bold round font)
collection of Philip M. Goldstein
Class 1 - .75
TH. NECK
BRIDGE PREPAID
79 JUN 2 - 15:59
(tall squared font)

collection of Philip M. Goldstein
SEP 01 '82
THROGS NECK
BRIDGE
TOLL PAID $1.25  (M logo)
collection of Philip M. Goldstein




Verrazano Narrows Bridge
NARROWS
BRIDGE
April 6, 1974
 .75
TOLL PAID
collection of Philip M. Goldstein
Class 1 - .75   VERRAZANO
NARROWS
BRIDGE
August 8, 1974 22:39

collection of Philip M. Goldstein



Class 1 - $1.00
VERRAZANO
NARROWS
BRIDGE
77 FEB 4 - 23:43

collection of Philip M. Goldstein
NARROWS
BRIDGE
DEC -5, 79
$1.00
TOLL PAID

collection of Philip M. Goldstein
Class 1 - $1.00
NARROWS
BRIDGE
PREPAID 
79 NOV 25 - 20:24
collection of Philip M. Goldstein



Class 1 - $1.25
NARROWS
BRIDGE

PREPAID 
82 MAY 21  22:12
collection of Philip M. Goldstein
DEC 18 '83
VERRAZANO NAR.
BRIDGE
TOLL PAID $1.25  (M logo)
collection of Philip M. Goldstein







MAY 9, '84
VERRAZANO NAR.
BRIDGE
TOLL PAID $1.50  (M logo)
collection of Philip M. Goldstein
RECEIPT
(TBTA LOGO)  
5/17/85 15:18 PM VN Class 1 $1.50
(pre-printed logo & grid, dot matrix data, black ink)
collection of Philip M. Goldstein
MAR 8 '86
VERRAZANO NAR.
BRIDGE
TOLL PAID $1.75  (M logo)
collection of Philip M. Goldstein






MTA Bridges and Tunnels
10/12/95 / 08:15 AM
/ VNB / Class 1 / $6.00
collection of Philip M. Goldstein





Queens Midtown Tunnel


Class 1 - .75 -
QUEENS
MIDTOWN
TUNNEL

76 APR 14 - 21:45
collection of Philip M. Goldstein
QUEENS MIDTOWN TUNNEL
81 AP 25 P 4:25   1.00
PREPAID TICKET
TOLL PAID
collection of Philip M. Goldstein







QUEENS
MIDTOWN
TUNNEL
1983 JN-3 10:17 AM   1.50
PREPAID TICKET
TOLL PAID
collection of Philip M. Goldstein
QUEENS
MIDTOWN
TUNNEL  2.00
(1987)

collection of Philip M. Goldstein



RECEIPT
(TBTA LOGO)  
9/16/92 / 17:59 / QMT / Class 1 / $2.50
(pre-printed logo & grid, dot matrix data, black ink)
collection of Philip M. Goldstein
QUEENS MID TUNNEL
9/16/92 06:55 $2.50

(all dot matrix printer, purple ink)
collection of Philip M. Goldstein




Brooklyn Battery Tunnel
RECEIPT
(TBTA LOGO)  
5/17/94 / 17:59 / BBT / Class 1 / $3.00
(pre-printed logo & grid, dot matrix data, black ink)
collection of Philip M. Goldstein
BKLYN BATTERY TUNNEL
2/20/96 12:03
- $3.00

collection of Philip M. Goldstein




Cross Bay - Veterans Memorial Bridge
Class 1 - .25
CROSSBAY
PARKWAY
BRIDGE
74 APRIL 29   12:21

collection of Philip M. Goldstein
CROSSBAY
BRIDGE

OCT 18 75 - .50
TOLL PAID

collection of Philip M. Goldstein
Class 1 - .50
CROSSBAY
PARKWAY
BRIDGE
79 AUG 8   22:27

collection of Philip M. Goldstein
Class 1 - 1.00
CROSS BAY
BRIDGE
PREPAID TICKET
86 MAY 3  00:02

collection of Philip M. Goldstein
MAY 02 '86
CROSSBAY
BRIDGE
TOLL PAID $1.00 M

collection of Philip M. Goldstein




Marine Parkway Bridge
Class 1 - .25
MARINE
PARKWAY
BRIDGE
74 SEPTEMBER 30 - 10:45

collection of Philip M. Goldstein
Class 1 - .50
MARINE
BRIDGE
PREPAID
79 MARCH 19 - 16:30
collection of Philip M. Goldstein
.

.
MARINE PARK BRIDGE
5/10/95
10:24
Marine Parkway Bridge - $1.50
collection of Philip M. Goldstein
MARINE PARK BRIDGE
6/23/95
20:21
Marine Parkway Bridge - $10.00
collection of Philip M. Goldstein
RECEIPT
(TBTA LOGO)  
5/12/95 / 21:32 / MPB / Class 1 / $1.50
(pre-printed logo & grid, dot matrix data, black ink)
collection of Philip M. Goldstein




Henry Hudson Bridge

HENRY HUDSON
.50 JUL 15 79
TOLL PAID

collection of Philip M. Goldstein

HENRY HUDSON
79 JL 12 2:46 PM   .50
PREPAID TICKET
TOLL PAID
collection of Philip M. Goldstein



HENRY HUDSON
81 AP 3 11:14 AM   .60
PREPAID TICKET
TOLL PAID
collection of Philip M. Goldstein
HENRY HUDSON
PARKWAY
TOLL PAID  $.90
(M logo)

collection of Philip M. Goldstein


BACK TO TOP OF PAGE / INDEX




Internal Documents & Reference Materials


Marine Parkway Authority - 1937
collection of MTA Archives
.

.


New York City Tunnel Authority - ca. 1940
MTA Bridges & Tunnels Archives





New York City Tunnel Authority - 1942
Toll Scrip accounting from November 1940 (opening of Queen Midtown Tunnel) to March 1942
MTA Bridges & Tunnels Archives
New York City Tunnel Authority - ca. 1942
Toll Schedule, Scrip Issues and Wartime Scrip Book Plan
MTA Bridges & Tunnels Archives


 

Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority - ca. 1966
Toll Book Order Form - Form A-111
MTA Bridges & Tunnels Archives
Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority - ca. 1973
Toll Book Order Form - Form A-111
MTA Bridges & Tunnels Archives




Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority - June 13, 1973
Memorandum, re: Special Ticket overprinting
MTA Bridges & Tunnels Archives




New York Post from Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority - May 19, 1980
Notice of Toll Increase -
quarter page insert
MTA Bridges & Tunnels Archives
Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority - April 19, 1982
Toll Book Order Form for Commercial Vehicles, handout at toll books
MTA Bridges & Tunnels Archives




Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority - April 20, 1983
Toll Book Order Form - Form A-111
MTA Bridges & Tunnels Archives
Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority - undated
Toll Book Order Form - expedient for hand out?
MTA Bridges & Tunnels Archives




Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority - undated
Toll Book Order Form
MTA Bridges & Tunnels Archives
Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority - rev. 3/1989
Toll Book Order Form
collection of Philip M. Goldstein




Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority - June 19, 1986
Memorandum, re: old barcode scrip, new barcode scrip sizes, colors denominations
MTA Bridges & Tunnels Archives
Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority - December 8, 1986
Intra-governmental order form for Toll Books
MTA Bridges & Tunnels Archives




BACK TO TOP OF PAGE / INDEX



Historical & Current Toll Fares for the TBTA

All vehicle classes are listed for crossing opening; for subsequent toll hikes, only passenger autos are listed.

See .pdf file for tolls for additional vehicle classes, Staten Island & Rockaway Resident, Carpool, E-ZPass and E-token toll discount amounts.

Notes:
franchise buses were only allowed on bridges, not tunnels
cars with semi-trailer = trailer with one axle (total three axles)
cars with trailer = trailer with two axles (total four axles)
what I refer to as cars are listed as passenger automobiles

Major Crossings:


Triborough Bridge
1936
Bronx-Whitestone Bridge
1939
Queens Midtown Tunnel
1940
class vehicle toll
1 passenger autos, all types taxicab,
ambulances, hearses, horsedrawn vehicles
.25
2 trucks, 2 axle, less than 2 tons .25
3 2 axle trucks, 2 - 5 tons .35
4 2 axle trucks, more than 5 tons .50
5 all buses .50
6 3 axle trucks, tractors, cars w/ semi trailer .60
7 4 axle trucks, tractors, cars with trailer .75
8 motorcycles .15
9 bicycles .10
class vehicle toll
1 passenger autos, all types taxicab,
ambulances, hearses, horsedrawn vehicles
.25
2 2 axle trucks, less than 2 tons .25
3 2 axle trucks, 2 - 5 tons .35
4 2 axle trucks, more than 5 tons .50
5 all buses .50
6 3 axle trucks, tractors,
passenger autos w/ semi trailer
.60
7 4 axle trucks, tractors, cars with trailer .75
8 motorcycles .15
9 bicycles .10
class vehicle toll
1 passenger auto, all types taxicabs,
ambulances & hearses
.25
2 trucks, 2 axle, less than 2 tons .25
3 trucks, 2 axle, 2 -5 tons .40
4 trucks, 2 axle, over 5 ton .60
5 buses (2 & 3 axle) .50
6 trucks, three axle trucks, tractors or
passenger autos w/ semi trailer
.75
7 4 axle trucks, tractors or passenger auto w/ trailer $1.00
8 special classification tbd
9 motorcycles .15



1/5/1972 .50 1/5/1972 .50 1/5/1972 .50
3/1/1976 .75 3/1/1976 .75 3/1/1976 .75
5/19/1980 $1.00 5/19/1980 $1.00 5/19/1980 $1.00
4/19/1982 $1.25 4/19/1982 $1.25 4/19/1982 $1.25
1/3/1984 $1.50 1/3/1984 $1.50 1/3/1984 $1.50
1/1/1986 $1.75 1/1/1986 $1.75 1/1/1986 $1.75
2/7/1987 $2.00 2/7/1987 $2.00 2/7/1987 $2.00
no change
7/16/1989 $2.50 7/16/1989 $2.50 7/16/1989 $2.50
1/31/1993 $3.00 1/31/1993 $3.00 1/31/1993 $3.00
3/24/1996 $3.50 3/24/1996 $3.50 3/24/1996 $3.50
5/18/2003 $4.00 5/18/2003 $4.00 5/18/2003 $4.00
The NY State Supreme Court ruled that the 5/18/2003 toll hike was not valid and ordered the toll rates reverted back to their prior amounts;
however the actual tolls at the crossing were not reduced due to the appeals and automatic stay process
6/4/2003 $3.50 6/4/2003 $3.50 6/4/2003 $3.50
The NY State Appellate Court overturned the lower courts' ruling and allowed the TBTA to raise the toll tariffs to the original 5/18/2003 rates. In actuality they were already at that amount.
7/15/2003 $4.00 7/15/2003 $4.00 7/15/2003 $4.00
3/15/2005 $4.50 3/15/2005 $4.50 3/15/2005 $4.50
3/16/2008 $5.00 3/16/2008 $5.00 3/16/2008 $5.00
7/12/2009 $5.50 7/12/2009 $5.50 7/12/2009 $5.50
12/30/2010 $6.50 12/30/2010 $6.50 12/30/2010 $6.50
3/23/2013 $7.50 3/23/2013 $7.50 3/23/2013 $7.50
3/22/2015 $8.00 3/22/2015 $8.00 3/22/2015 $8.00
3/9/2017 $8.50 3/9/2017 $8.50 3/9/2017 $8.50
3/19/2019
to present
$9.50 3/19/2019
to present
$9.50 3/19/2019
to present
$9.50
Triborough Bridge
Bronx-Whitestone Bridge
Queens Midtown Tunnel



Brooklyn Battery Tunnel
1950
Throgs Neck Bridge
1961
Verrazano Narrows Bridge
upper deck: 1964
lower deck: 1969
class vehicle toll

passenger autos (proposed)
   .25
1 passenger autos, all types, station wagons, 
ambulances, hearses (actual upon opening)
   .35
2 trucks, 2 axle, less than 2 tons    .35
3 2 axle trucks, 2 - 5 tons    .50
4 2 axle trucks, more than 5 tons    .75
5 buses (other than franchise), all 2 axle vehicles transporting more than 10 persons including operator    .75
6 3 axle trucks, tractors, non-franchise buses, passenger autos w/ semi trailer $1.00
7 4 axle trucks, tractors, non-franchise buses, or
passenger autos with trailer
$1.25
8 franchise buses (bridges only) n/a
9 motorcycles    .25
0 non revenue vehicles 0

toll rate for vehicles having more than 4 axles, other than oversized vehicles, each additional axle    .35
class vehicle toll
1 passenger autos, all types, station wagons, 
ambulances, hearses,
   .25
2 trucks, 2 axle, less than 2 tons    .25
3 2 axle trucks, 2 - 5 tons    .40
4 2 axle trucks, more than 5 tons    .60
5 buses (other than franchise), all 2 axle vehicles transporting more than 10 persons including operator    .55
6 3 axle trucks, tractors, non-franchise buses, passenger autos w/ semi trailer    .75
7 4 axle trucks, tractors, non-franchise buses, or
passenger autos with trailer
$1.00
8 franchise buses (bridges only)    .25
9 motorcycles    .10
0 non revenue vehicles 0

toll rate for vehicles having more than 4 axles, other than oversized vehicles, each additional axle    .35
class vehicle toll
1 2 axle passenger autos all types, station wagons, 
ambulances, hearses, franchise buses engaged in general transportation, and
2 axle trucks less than 2 tons
    .50
2 passenger automobiles w/ semi trailer     .75
3 2 axle trucks, 2 - 5 tons     .75
4 2 axle trucks more than 5 tons,
passenger autos with 2 axle trailer
$1.00
5 2 axle buses (other than buses in 1 above), and all
2 axle vehicles transporting 10 or more persons including operator
$1.00
6 3 axle trucks, tractors, buses,  $1.25
7 4 axle trucks, tractors, buses, $1.50
8 5 axle vehicles $2.00
9 motorcycles     .50
0 non revenue vehicles 0

toll rate for vehicles having more than 5 axles, other than oversized vehicles, each additional axle     .50
1/5/1972 .70 1/5/1972 .50 1/5/1972 .75
3/1/1976 .75 3/1/1976 .75 3/1/1976 $1.00
5/19/1980 $1.00 5/19/1980 $1.00 5/19/1980 $1.00 - no increase
4/19/1982 $1.25 4/19/1982 $1.25 4/19/1982 $1.25
1/3/1984 $1.50 1/3/1984 $1.50 1/3/1984 $1.50
1/1/1986 $1.75 1/1/1986 $1.75 1/1/1986 $1.75
2/7/1987 $2.00 2/7/1987 $2.00 2/7/1987 $2.00

3/15/1987 $4.00 - tolls now doubled
                 but collected
                 NY bound only
7/16/1989 $2.50 7/16/1989 $2.50 7/16/1989 $5.00
1/31/1993 $3.00 1/31/1993 $3.00 1/31/1993 $6.00
3/24/1996 $3.50 3/24/1996 $3.50 3/24/1996 $7.00
5/18/2003 $4.00 5/18/2003 $4.00 5/18/2003 $8.00
The NY State Supreme Court ruled that the 5/18/2003 toll hike was not valid and ordered the toll rates reverted back to their prior amounts;
however the actual tolls at the crossing were not reduced due to the appeals and automatic stay process
6/4/2003 $3.50 6/4/2003 $3.50 6/4/2003 $7.00
The NY State Appellate Court overturned the lower courts' ruling and allowed the TBTA to raise the toll tariffs to the original 5/18/2003 rates. In actuality they were already at that amount.
7/15/2003 $4.00 7/15/2003 $4.00 7/15/2003 $8.00
3/15/2005 $4.50 3/15/2005 $4.50 3/15/2005 $9.00
3/16/2008 $5.00 3/16/2008 $5.00 3/16/2008 $10.00
7/12/2009 $5.50 7/12/2009 $5.50 7/12/2009 $11.00
12/30/2010 $6.50 12/30/2010 $6.50 12/30/2010 $13.00
3/23/2013 $7.50 3/23/2013 $7.50 3/23/2013 $15.00
3/22/2015 $8.00 3/22/2015 $8.00 3/22/2015 $16.00
3/9/2017 $8.50 3/9/2017 $8.50 3/9/2017 $17.00
3/19/2019
to present
$9.50 3/19/2019
to present
$9.50 3/19/2019
to present
$19.00
Brooklyn Battery Tunnel
Throgs Neck Bridge
Verrazano Narrows Bridge



Minor Crossings

Henry Hudson Bridge
1936
Marine Parkway Bridge
7/3/1937

Cross Bay Bridge
1939 (rebuilt 1970)
class vehicle toll
1 2 axle passenger autos all types, station wagons, 
ambulances, hearses, franchise buses engaged in general transportation, and
2 axle trucks less than 2 tons
.10

(Henry Hudson Parkway: cars & motorcycles only -
no commercial traffic)

9 motorcycles .10
class vehicle toll

passenger cars
.15*

passenger trailers .50

motorcycles .15*

bicycles .10

franchise buses .25

charter buses .50

commercial vehicles up to 2 tons .25

5 ton trucks
.35

10 ton trucks .50

single axle trailers .60

double axle trailers .75
class vehicle toll
1 2 axle passenger autos all types, station wagons, 
ambulances, hearses
.10
2 2 axle trucks less than 2 tons .10
3 2 axle trucks, 2 - 5 tons .25
4 2 axle trucks more than 5 tons,
passenger autos with 2 axle trailer
.35
5 2 axle buses (other than buses in 1 above), and all
2 axle vehicles transporting 10 or more persons including operator
.35
6 3 axle trucks, tractors, buses,  .40
7 4 axle trucks, tractors, buses, .50
8 franchise buses .10
9 motorcycles .10


1939 .10 *Marine Parkway Bridge reduced .05 upon
Cross Bay Bridge opening
1939 .10


1970 .10 1970 .10
1/5/1972 .25 1/5/1972 .25 1/5/1972 .25
3/1/1976 .50 3/1/1976 .50 3/1/1976 .50
6/2/1980 .60 6/16/1980 .75 6/16/1980 .75
4/19/1982 .90 4/19/1982 .90 4/19/1982 .90
1/3/1984 no increase 1/3/1984 no increase 1/3/1984 no increase
2/7/1987 $1.00 2/7/1987 $1.00 2/7/1987 $1.00
7/6/1989 $1.25 7/16/1989 $1.25 7/16/1989 $1.25
1/31/1993 $1.50 1/31/1993 $1.50 1/31/1993 $1.50
3/24/1996 $1.75 3/24/1996 $1.75 3/24/1996 $1.75
5/18/2003 $2.00 5/18/2003 $2.00 5/18/2003 $2.00
3/15/2005 $2.25 3/15/2005 $2.25 3/15/2005 2.25
3/16/2008 $2.75 3/16/2008 $2.50 3/16/2008 $2.50
7/12/2009 $3.00 7/12/2009 $2.75 7/12/2009 2.75
12/30/2010 $4.00 12/30/2010 $3.25  12/30/2010 $3.25
3/3/2013 $5.00 3/3/2013 $3.75  3/3/2013 $3.75
3/22/2015 $5.50 3/22/2015 $4.00 3/22/2015 $4.00
3/19/2017 $6.00 3/19/2017 $4.25 3/19/2017 $4.25
3/31/2019
to present
$7.00 3/31/2019
to present
$4.75 3/31/2019
to present
$4.75
Henry Hudson Bridge Marine Parkway Bridge Cross Bay Bridge






Current Toll Fares TBTA / MTA Crossings - Tolls By Mail (Full Price)


Just announced: 
Split tolling will return on the Verrazzano Narrows Bridge. 
Legislation passed the House on December 18, 2019 and is expected to be signed by the Senate and the President by end of the week.
Tolls will be $9.50 each direction until next fare raise.


Bronx Whitestone Bridge
Throgs Neck Bridge
Triborough "Robert F. Kennedy" Bridge
Brooklyn Battery "Hugh L. Carey" Tunnel
Queens Midtown Tunnel
Verrazano Narrows Bridge
(toll collected entering
Staten Island / westbound only)

Cross Bay "Veterans Memorial" Bridge
and
Marine Parkway "Gil Hodges" Bridge
Henry Hudson Parkway Bridge
two axles auto
two axles
three axles
four axles
five axles
six axles
seven axles
additional axles 
$9.50
$19.00
$31.29
$39.12
$51.41
$59.24
$73.76
$11.18
two axles auto
two axles
three axles
four axles
five axles
six axles
seven axles
additional axles 
$19.00
$38.00
$62.58
$78.24
$102.82
$118.48
$147.52
$22.36
two axles auto
two axles
three axles
four axles
five axles
six axles
seven axles
additional axles 
$4.75
$9.50
$15.65
$19.56
$25.71
$29.62
$36.88
$5.59
two axles auto only
no trucks allowed
$7.00


for Current E-ZPass and Commuter Discount toll amounts, please refer to the MTA Bridges & Tunnels website at: MTA Bridges & Tunnels - Tolls







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all text & images: © 2020 Philip M. Goldstein ~ www.nyctollscrip.info
bedt14@aol.com

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