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Wallabout Terminal - Delaware Lackawanna & Western

INDUSTRIAL, OFFLINE TERMINAL RAILROADS & RAIL-MARINE OPERATIONS
OF BROOKLYN, QUEENS, STATEN ISLAND, BRONX & MANHATTAN:


WALLABOUT TERMINAL
Williamsburg, Brooklyn

DELAWARE, LACKAWANNA & WESTERN RAILROAD

DL&W

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updated:
FRIDAY, 13 MARCH 2012 - 20:00


update summary:

date:

chapter:

steam locomotive info usage confirmed,
info & images added
13 March 2015 Locomotive Overview & Photos
Locomotive Roster

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INDEX

History

Trackage Float Bridge
Locomotive Overview
 & Photos

Locomotive Roster
builders data, disposition info

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History

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   The Wallabout Terminal of the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western (DL&W) Railroad, was located at the intersections of Kent Avenue, Washington Avenue and Clymer Street in Williamsburg, Brooklyn. This location also corresponded to the marine intersection of the Wallabout Basin and the Wallabout Canal as well.

   Initial research of this facility by this author failed to provide a start of operations date for this facility. Thanks to Joe Roborecky, submitted the following information from a Google Book Search, where he located the Brooklyn Daily Eagle Almanac of 1901, in which it states:

"At Cross st., fronting on Wallabout channel, to Wallabout Canal, is the Brooklyn terminal of the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western R.R. Co., constructed and put into operation during the last year. It is equipped with a car transfer bridge, has a two story brick building, at which 75 to 100 car loads of freight may be handled daily, and yard track delivery capacities for 90 additional cars."  

Also found on the web, is this New York Times article:


New York Times - June 19, 1900

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   Do not confuse this facility with the other "Wallabout Terminals", operated by other railroads in the immediate vicinity:

   We know the facility closed in 1941 when the United Stated Government expanded the New York Naval Shipyard a/k/a Brooklyn Navy Yard and seized the properties surrounding the Wallabout Basin. 

   On 09 February 2010, and after corresponding with Jon Franz regarding various Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad operations in the New York Area, I received a package of documents from him.

   Within this package, was a three page letter dated November 11, 1941 and issued by the Delaware Lackawanna & Western Railroad, Office of Superintendent, Hoboken, NJ. At the time of this letter, the Superintendent was Perry Shoemaker.

   His letter is quite interesting, and while it pertains to the official date of cessation of operations at Wallabout, it also specifically lists:
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courtesy of J. Franz
authors collection

added 10 February 2010

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courtesy of J. Franz
authors collection

added 10 February 2010


courtesy of J. Franz
authors collection

added 10 February 2010

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   All in all, this document is a most revealing look at the closure of Wallabout Terminal and the transfer of services from that facility to 25th Street.

   Unfortunately, very little information on this terminal has been located to date. Anyone with information, data or photographs of equipment or property, is most welcome to contact the author at bedt14@aol.com .

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RETURN TO INDEX

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Trackage

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   The following article was discovered within the Official Proceedings of September 1900 for the monthly meeting of the Western Railway Club. In this discussion, it specifies the design and components of the trackage, as well as the freighthouse and how the locomotive is used at the Wallabout Terminal:


Official Proceedings of the Western Railway Club - September 1900
added 22 October 2010

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   According to the track plan and specifications below and located in the book "Yards and Terminals and their Operation", John A. Droege, 1906. The diagram appears to be larger version of the same diagram as the one above.

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Yards and Terminals and their Operation - 1906
John A. Droege

 

  The freight house dimensions were 40 feet by 400 feet. Tracks are on 11 foot centers, roadways 35 feet between centers of tracks, 40 degree track curves and #2.8, #3 and #4 frogs are in use on the track turnouts.

   According to the "Report of the Committee on Terminals and Transportation of the New York State Food Investigating Commission" published April 18, 1913; it lists the capacity of the freight house at the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Wallabout Terminal at 16,311 square feet and the terminal with 1.36 miles of trackage.

   In the 1924 Fairchild Aerial Survey photo seen below, we can clearly make out the freighthouse, float bridge and the railyard.


Fairchild Aerial Survey Photo - 1924
NYPL Digital Archives

added 09 Dec 2008

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Electric Operation

   An interesting aspect of the Wallabout Terminal was it would be completely powered by overhead catenary in later years of operation. While Bush Terminal and New York Dock would utilize overhead catenary for street running operations, their yard operations was steam and subsequently diesel powered.

   As far as it is can be ascertained, the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western installed an overhead catenary around 1925 or 1926 at the Wallabout Terminal. This location would remain a strict electric operation throughout its remaining history until 1941, at such time when the Navy Department appropriated the property to expand the Navy Yard.

   Since #4001 was constructed in 1926, it can be hypothesized that the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western responded to the enactment of the Kaufman Law of 1925, by electrifying their Wallabout Terminal operation, and thereby complying with the recently enacted anti-smoke legislation. With the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Electric Generating Station immediately north of the Wallabout Terminal, it can also be surmised they could buy their power with minimal expense and transmission infrastructure.

   This overhead electric operation would be unique to offline terminal operation, including the fact that the overhead wire was carried right to the end of the float bridge. No other offline terminal in the New York area operated as a strictly electric operation (keeping in mind South Brooklyn Railway did not operate a float bridge and therefore would not be considered an offline terminal).

   All being told, this was undoubtedly a unique operation!


August 25, 1933
(The Delaware Lackawanna & Western Wallabout Terminal is the yard with the white poles.
The three boxcars are on a station carfloat moored to the Clinton Avenue bulkhead and
attached to the Brooklyn Navy Yard float bridge to the left.)
unknown photographer
Brooklyn Navy Yard Development Corp Archives

added 04 May 2009

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RETURN TO INDEX

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Float Bridge

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   The float bridge at the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad's Wallabout Terminal is now known to have been a wooden Howe Truss throughout the terminal span of operation: 1906 - 1941.

   It is also now known that the float bridge at this location employed the use of a metal truss lifting gallows until 1926 when the terminal was electrified. This lifting gallows (only used to raise an unladen float bridge to meet the deck of a high riding carfloat - not for live load) can be seen in the 1913 images in the locomotive chapter.

   While this choice of wooden Howe Truss float bridge design by itself is not surprising, what is unusual is the fact that the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western installed overhead trolley wire supports at the time of terminal electrification in 1926. These supports were mounted on top of the wood trusses and spaced along the float bridge at intervals to (what else?) support the trolley wire to the end of the float bridge:


June 4, 1936

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   This type of arrangement is believed to be the only such arrangement used in New York Harbor. But this arrangement also reveals a small (yet easily overcome) obstacle in locomotive / carfloat operations at DLW Wallabout Terminal:

   As the trolley wire could not progress past the end of the float bridge, electric locomotive #4001 could not venture out past the float bridge and onto the carfloat to move freight cars. Therefore at least one reacher or idler car was necessary to couple up to remove or place freight cars onto the carfloat.

   It is also bears wondering if the choice of float bridge (wood Howe Truss) would have offered additional safety factor (by being non-conductive as opposed to a steel float bridge which would be) and allowing the trolley wire to be mounted in close proximity to water.

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RETURN TO INDEX

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Locomotives

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Steam: 1906 - 1926

   It is now confirmed that prior to 1926 and the enactment of the Kaufman "anti-smoke" legislation, this terminal employed the use of a steam powered tank locomotive. Unfortunately, this confirmation comes via a 1913 construction photo of the Brooklyn Navy Yard, and the locomotive type and number cannot be discerned.

   According to Erie Lackawanna Historical Society, the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad only rostered two 0-4-0T locomotives: #4 and #7, and one 0-6-0T: #8. As #4 was built by Rogers in 7/1913. this means the locomotive in the image cannot be #4 as the image was taken before the locomotive construction date, and as #7 was not built until March 1922, that precludes this locomotive from operating here as well at the time the photos below were taken.

   #8 was of 0-6-0T wheel arrangement and was built by Baldwin in 1904 for Brooklyn Dock & Terminal as their #2. Also, as this terminal had 40 degree curves, so a 0-6-0T could be used here without issue, especially with blind (flangeless) center drivers. So there is a remote possibility this could be that locomotive; however it is believed #8 was operated at the DL&W 25th Street Terminal also in Brooklyn leaving the present conundrum of which locomotive this is in the images below.

   Then of course is the very real possibility that the locomotive seen in these images could be either a previously unknown tank locomotive on the DL&W roster or even a previously unknown shop rebuild. Another possibility exists: the steam locomotive used here could be Brooklyn Dock & Terminal #1 (ex-Norfolk & Western #93). This locomotive disappeared from the 25th Street Terminal around 1906. Very coincidentally, this is the same year both this Wallabout Terminal opened and the same year Delaware, Lackawanna & Western took acquired the 25th Street Terminal from Brooklyn Dock & Terminal.

   Furthermore, at such time when the primary steam locomotive at this location needed major servicing or overhaul, another steam locomotive would have had to have been provided as temporary replacement.  



Delaware, Lackawanna & Western steam locomotive at Wallabout Terminal - 1/21/1913
(Note Howe Truss float bridge, overhead gantry and stack of PRR tug on right edge of image.)
courtesy of the National Archives

added 13 March 2015

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Delaware, Lackawanna & Western steam locomotive at Wallabout Terminal - 1/21/1913
(partially obscured by passing station carfloat.)
courtesy of the National Archives

added 13 March 2015


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Electric: 1926 - 1940

   After 1926, only one locomotive is known to have been used at this Delaware, Lackawanna & Western facility. This locomotive was an electric powered (via overhead pantograph) steeplecab locomotive.

   This locomotive was numbered 4001 and was built in June 1926 by General Electric. This locomotive was unusual in appearance as the pantograph on top of the cab appeared quite large and oversized, when compared to the locomotive itself. Most steeplecab locomotives of this size and manufacture were equipped with much less visible trolley poles (e.g. Bush Terminal and South Brooklyn Railway).

   Another unique feature of this particular locomotive, is the "inside frame" truck design with visible brake arms and rigging.

   This locomotive would go on to serve this Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Wallabout Terminal until the US Government "seized" the properties surrounding the Wallabout Terminal in 1940, for the purpose of expanding the Brooklyn Navy Yard.

   This locomotive was then sold to the Shawinigan Falls Terminal Railway in Quebec, Canada and numbered as their #7; in February 28, 1942. Its current status or disposition is unknown at this time, but according to "Interurban Electric Locomotives from General Electric" by Joseph A. Strapac; disposition is given as being scrapped in 1952.

    Again, anyone with  information on this locomotive is invited to contact the author at bedt14@aol.com


#4001 - 1926 - General Electric builders photo
General Electric / R. Corley archives

added 09 March 2012

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#4001 - unknown date - Wallabout Terminal, Brooklyn, NY
unknown photographer

F. G. Zahn archives
authors collection

added 17 November 2008

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DL&W #4001 - unknown date - Wallabout Terminal, Brooklyn, NY -
(appears to be a copy print from above image)
unknown photographer
B. Redden archives

added 09 December 2008

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DL&W #4001 - Wallabout Terminal, Brooklyn, NY - August 26, 1932
H. Fagerberg photo
authors collection

added 09 December 2008

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DL&W #4001 - Wallabout Terminal, Brooklyn, NY - June 4, 1936
Note how trolley wire was run out to end of float bridge. As overhead wire ended at end of float bridge,
it would preclude the locomotive from venturing onto carfloat to pick up cars.
Therefore a reacher car or a freight car was necessary to load / unload freight cars off carfloat.
unknown photographer
Bob's Photo archives
authors collection

added 08 March 2010


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Wallabout Terminal (DL&W) Roster

number
/ name
builder c/n model build
date

gauge
wheel
arrangement
wheel 
dia

cylinders

acquired

disposition
notes ref
4 * ALCo-Rogers 53119 7/1913 std. 0-4-0T 46" 16" x 24" new sold 3/14/42 to Georgia Car & Locomotive (dealer)
7 * Baldwin 55346 3/1922 0-4-0T 44" 16" x 24" new

retired 1949

8 * Baldwin 23868 3/1904 0-6-0T 46½" 19x24 used
Brooklyn Dock & Terminal #2
numbered DLW #173, 1906
renumbered #8, 1914
scrapped 9/1926
4001 GE 10046 steeplecab 6/1926 std. B-B 36"   new shipped 6/11/1926 to DLW;
Sold 2/28/1942 to Shawinigan Falls Terminal Rwy #7
Quebec, Canada

scrapped 1952
[a] [24]
[37]

Locomotive Footnotes

* use possible but not confirmed at this location
[a] weight:
motors:
gear ratio:
102,840 lbs.
207G
67:16

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RETURN TO INDEX

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Marine Equipment

   Being a Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad operation, the Wallabout Terminal would have been serviced by Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad tugboats, carfloats and lighters.

   Keeping in mind the significant amount of marine equipment that the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad owned and operated, and not knowing if there was equipment specifically assigned to this facility (it is highly unlikely they did), a Tugboat Roster on this website would not be beneficial or justified; and therefore will not be forthcoming..

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RETURN TO INDEX

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